King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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2 Chronicles 8

Solomon’s buildings and trade.

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Solomon’s buildings and trade

1 And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, wherein Solomon had built the house of the LORD, and his own house,

2 That the cities which Huram had restored to Solomon, Solomon built them, and caused the children of Israel to dwell there.

3 And Solomon went to Hamathzobah, and prevailed against it.

4 And he built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the store cities, which he built in Hamath.

5 Also he built Bethhoron the upper, and Bethhoron the nether, fenced cities, with walls, gates, and bars;

6 And Baalath, and all the store cities that Solomon had, and all the chariot cities, and the cities of the horsemen, and all that Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and throughout all the land of his dominion.

7 As for all the people that were left of the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which were not of Israel,

8 But of their children, who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel consumed not, them did Solomon make to pay tribute until this day.

9 But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no servants for his work; but they were men of war, and chief of his captains, and captains of his chariots and horsemen.

10 And these were the chief of king Solomon’s officers, even two hundred and fifty, that bare rule over the people.

11 And Solomon brought up the daughter of Pharaoh out of the city of David unto the house that he had built for her: for he said, My wife shall not dwell in the house of David king of Israel, because the places are holy, whereunto the ark of the LORD hath come.

12 Then Solomon offered burnt offerings unto the LORD on the altar of the LORD, which he had built before the porch,

13 Even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles.

14 And he appointed, according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests to their service, and the Levites to their charges, to praise and minister before the priests, as the duty of every day required: the porters also by their courses at every gate: for so had David the man of God commanded.

15 And they departed not from the commandment of the king unto the priests and Levites concerning any matter, or concerning the treasures.

16 Now all the work of Solomon was prepared unto the day of the foundation of the house of the LORD, and until it was finished. So the house of the LORD was perfected.

17 Then went Solomon to Eziongeber, and to Eloth, at the sea side in the land of Edom.

18 And Huram sent him by the hands of his servants ships, and servants that had knowledge of the sea; and they went with the servants of Solomon to Ophir, and took thence four hundred and fifty talents of gold, and brought them to king Solomon.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. After. Sept. “in which.”

Ver. 2. Given back (T.) as he refused to accept of the present. Some think that (C.) Hiram gave these cities in exchange for the others. Salien. M.

Ver. 3. Emath, or Emesa, on the Orontes. This city had belonged to Thou, who cultivated the friendship of David. 2 K. viii. 9. But after the death of these princes, it had given some offence to Solomon, who took it, as well as Palmira, or Thadmor, though not perhaps in person.

Ver. 4. Strong. Heb. “the cities of tents.” Ex. i. 11. C. — Prot. “store cities,” (H.) for corn, &c.

Ver. 8. Tributaries. Heb. also, “to work,” at cutting stones, &c. 1 Par. xxii. 2. Some of their descendants returned from captivity. Ib. ix. 2.

Ver. 10. Fifty. These were different from the 550 overseers. 3 K. ix. 23.

Ver. 11. Into it. It was deemed improper for a pagan woman to reside in the same place. C. — She had perhaps pretended, at first, to be converted, but had lately given some signs of relapse. Salien. — Solomon was as yet far from communicating with infidels. W.

Ver. 14. And gate, at their respective posts. See 1 Par. xxvi. H.

Ver. 15. Treasures. The regulations of David were exactly observed. C.

Ver. 17. Asiongaber, which was called Bernice, (Joseph. viii. 2.) and now Suez. T.

Ver. 18. Ships; not perhaps from Tyre, but from the Red Sea. C. — Others think that he sent them by a canal, which opened a communication between the Mediterranean and Suez, (Huet) the distance of about ninety miles. Pliny ii. 68. — But this canal seems to have been made after the age of Solomon. Hence others imagine that the ships were taken in pieces, or conveyed by land, as has been sometimes done. Mahomet II. transported ships across the isthmus of Corinth. Alexander the Great conveyed on chariots the ships which had been used to cross the Indus, as far as the Hydaspes. Arrian vii. C. — Skilful mariners. They were the most expert, and the inventers of navigation. Prima ratem ventis tradere docta Tyrus. Tibul. See Wisd. xiv. 6. — Ophir, the kingdom of Pegu, in the East Indies, (T.) or some other distant land. H. — Fifty. Thirty are omitted, 3 K. ix. 28, as they were expended in the voyage. C. — Yet the Heb. letters for twenty and fifty are extremely similar. D.