King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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2 Chronicles 35

The passover kept by Josiah. (1-19) Josiah slain in battle. (20-27)

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The passover kept by Josiah

1 Moreover Josiah kept a passover unto the LORD in Jerusalem: and they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month.

2 And he set the priests in their charges, and encouraged them to the service of the house of the LORD,

3 And said unto the Levites that taught all Israel, which were holy unto the LORD, Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel did build; it shall not be a burden upon your shoulders: serve now the LORD your God, and his people Israel,

4 And prepare yourselves by the houses of your fathers, after your courses, according to the writing of David king of Israel, and according to the writing of Solomon his son.

5 And stand in the holy place according to the divisions of the families of the fathers of your brethren the people, and after the division of the families of the Levites.

6 So kill the passover, and sanctify yourselves, and prepare your brethren, that they may do according to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses.

7 And Josiah gave to the people, of the flock, lambs and kids, all for the passover offerings, for all that were present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand bullocks: these were of the king’s substance.

8 And his princes gave willingly unto the people, to the priests, and to the Levites: Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel, rulers of the house of God, gave unto the priests for the passover offerings two thousand and six hundred small cattle and three hundred oxen.

9 Conaniah also, and Shemaiah and Nethaneel, his brethren, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jozabad, chief of the Levites, gave unto the Levites for passover offerings five thousand small cattle, and five hundred oxen.

10 So the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their place, and the Levites in their courses, according to the king’s commandment.

11 And they killed the passover, and the priests sprinkled the blood from their hands, and the Levites flayed them.

12 And they removed the burnt offerings, that they might give according to the divisions of the families of the people, to offer unto the LORD, as it is written in the book of Moses. And so did they with the oxen.

13 And they roasted the passover with fire according to the ordinance: but the other holy offerings sod they in pots, and in caldrons, and in pans, and divided them speedily among all the people.

14 And afterward they made ready for themselves, and for the priests: because the priests the sons of Aaron were busied in offering of burnt offerings and the fat until night; therefore the Levites prepared for themselves, and for the priests the sons of Aaron.

15 And the singers the sons of Asaph were in their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king’s seer; and the porters waited at every gate; they might not depart from their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared for them.

16 So all the service of the LORD was prepared the same day, to keep the passover, and to offer burnt offerings upon the altar of the LORD, according to the commandment of king Josiah.

17 And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days.

18 And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

19 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.

Josiah slain in battle

20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Charchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

21 But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, What have I to do with thee, thou king of Judah? I come not against thee this day, but against the house wherewith I have war: for God commanded me to make haste: forbear thee from meddling with God, who is with me, that he destroy thee not.

22 Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.

23 And the archers shot at king Josiah; and the king said to his servants, Have me away; for I am sore wounded.

24 His servants therefore took him out of that chariot, and put him in the second chariot that he had; and they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died, and was buried in one of the sepulchres of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah.

25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they are written in the lamentations.

26 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and his goodness, according to that which was written in the law of the LORD,

27 And his deeds, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 3. By whose. Sept. “the powerful in Israel, that they might be sanctified to the Lord; and they put,” &c. Heb. “who instructed all Israel, the holy people of the Lord: Put,” &c. H. — No more. Heb. adds, “upon your shoulders;” (H.) whence it is inferred, that it had been carried about the cities of Juda, under the impious kings, who would not suffer it in the temple. C. — Some believe that it was kept in the house of Sellum, the uncle of Jeremias, and husband of Olda. S. Jer. Trad. T.

Ver. 5. Families. Heb. adds, “according to the divisions of the families of the fathers of your brethren, the people, (H. or laics. C.) and the division of the families of the Levites.” All were placed, with great order, in the temple.

Ver. 6. Which. Heb. “of the Lord, by the hand of Moses,” which ordinances he has written down. M.

Ver. 7. In. Heb. “for the Passover-offerings, from the flock, lambs and kids, in number 30,000.” Et reliqui pecoris, is not expressed. H. — The small cattle might be intended for other sacrifices. M.

Ver. 8. Offered. Heb. “gave to the people.” H. — Rulers: the first alone was high priest. C. — Small cattle: literally, cattle of different sorts;” commixtim. Prot. supply, “small cattle,” which is not in Heb. H. — Syr. and Arab. have, “sheep;” but we had best follow (C.) the Sept. “sheep, both lambs and kids.” Either would suffice. Ex. xii. 5.

Ver. 9. Cattle. Prot. again supply these words. Sept. have, “sheep.” H.

Ver. 11. Blood is expressed in the Sept. and understood in Heb. H. — With. Heb. and Sept. “from their hands;” (H.) receiving it from the officers, who might slay their own victims, (C.) unless they were unclean, (C.) xxx. 17. H. — Holocausts. Heb. and Sept. speak of the paschal lambs. H. — Holocausts were regularly to be flayed by priests. Lev. i. 6. The hurry of the solemnity, (C.) and necessity, here excused the Levites, (M.) if we understand proper holocausts. H.

Ver. 12. Separated. Sept. “prepared the holocaust to give; having taken notice to whom the victims belonged, before they took off the skin, (M.) or rather, separating these from the other peace-offerings. Tournemine.

Ver. 13. Victims. Heb. and Sept. “but the holy offerings they boiled.” See Ex. xii. 9. H.

Ver. 15. Prophets. Heb. “seer.” But Sept. &c. read in the plural. These were “prophets of the king,” (H.) or masters of music. C. — Vulg. might insinuate that these three gave orders, as well as David. But they were in office under him, as people of the same name were, probably, under Josias. H.

Ver. 18. As Josias kept. He displayed greater liberality (E. See 4 K. xxiii. 20.) and devotion; and the festival had also been neglected for some time. W.

Ver. 20. Charcamis belonged to the Assyrian monarch, (Isai. x. 9.) who subdued the empire of Babylon. C. xxxiii. 11.

Ver. 21. With me. Grotius thinks that Jeremias had given the order; and the author of Heb. Traditions, supposes that he forbade Josias to oppose Pharao, who, it seems, was assured of victory. C. — But this is uncertain; and Josias might justly suspect that the king of Egypt spoke without authority. H. — The augurs of the latter might declare the truth, (M.) though they could not dive into futurity. H. — Herodotus (i.) informs us, that Nechos fought against the Syrians, (or Israelites) in Magdelum, and took Cadythis, a city as large as Sardis, of Lydia; probably Jerusalem, (D.) or Cades. C.

Ver. 22. Prepared. Heb. “disguised himself,” like Achab; (C.) or set his army in array. Sept. “he was bent on fighting him.” H. — He supposed that Pharao intended to invade his dominions, and God would withdraw him from the world. W.

Ver. 24. After the manner of kings, is not in Heb. &c. H. — Curtius (iv.) informs us, that the Persian monarch had always a horse behind his chariot, to be ready in case of any accident.

Ver. 25. Lamentations. Some think that we have them in the Bible. Josephus, &c. — Others believe that they are lost. Salien, A. 3425. — Law, on the anniversary; (M.) or when any calamity occurs, the lamentations of Jeremias are used. T. — There were collections of such poems, as well as of canticles, for victory and marriages. C.

Ver. 27. Israel is placed first in Heb. and Sept. H. — The kings of Juda assumed the title, as the kingdom had been subverted above a century; and the wretched remains of Israel had retreated into the territories, (C.) or acknowledged their dominion. H.