King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

2 Chronicles > Old Testament > Home

2 Chronicles 33

Manasseh’s and repentance. (1-20) Amon’s wicked reign in Judah. (21-25)

2 Chronicles 33 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

Manasseh’s and repentance

1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem:

2 But did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, like unto the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel.

3 For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had broken down, and he reared up altars for Baalim, and made groves, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.

4 Also he built altars in the house of the LORD, whereof the LORD had said, In Jerusalem shall my name be for ever.

5 And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD.

6 And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.

7 And he set a carved image, the idol which he had made, in the house of God, of which God had said to David and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen before all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:

8 Neither will I any more remove the foot of Israel from out of the land which I have appointed for your fathers; so that they will take heed to do all that I have commanded them, according to the whole law and the statutes and the ordinances by the hand of Moses.

9 So Manasseh made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to err, and to do worse than the heathen, whom the LORD had destroyed before the children of Israel.

10 And the LORD spake to Manasseh, and to his people: but they would not hearken.

11 Wherefore the LORD brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon.

12 And when he was in affliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers,

13 And prayed unto him: and he was intreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the LORD he was God.

14 Now after this he built a wall without the city of David, on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entering in at the fish gate, and compassed about Ophel, and raised it up a very great height, and put captains of war in all the fenced cities of Judah.

15 And he took away the strange gods, and the idol out of the house of the LORD, and all the altars that he had built in the mount of the house of the LORD, and in Jerusalem, and cast them out of the city.

16 And he repaired the altar of the LORD, and sacrificed thereon peace offerings and thank offerings, and commanded Judah to serve the LORD God of Israel.

17 Nevertheless the people did sacrifice still in the high places, yet unto the LORD their God only.

18 Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer unto his God, and the words of the seers that spake to him in the name of the LORD God of Israel, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel.

19 His prayer also, and how God was intreated of him, and all his sins, and his trespass, and the places wherein he built high places, and set up groves and graven images, before he was humbled: behold, they are written among the sayings of the seers.

20 So Manasseh slept with his fathers, and they buried him in his own house: and Amon his son reigned in his stead.

Amon’s wicked reign in Judah

21 Amon was two and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned two years in Jerusalem.

22 But he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as did Manasseh his father: for Amon sacrificed unto all the carved images which Manasseh his father had made, and served them;

23 And humbled not himself before the LORD, as Manasseh his father had humbled himself; but Amon trespassed more and more.

24 And his servants conspired against him, and slew him in his own house.

25 But the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 3. The host of heaven. The sun, moon, and stars, (Ch.) in imitation of the Phœnicians and ancient Chanaanites.

Ver. 5. Courts of the Gentiles and of Israel, (M.) though afterwards he also placed idols even in the court of the priests, v. 7. Salien, A. 3340. — But we find no express mention of the court of the Gentiles, till after the captivity; (C.) so that the two courts mean those of the priests and of Israel. Villalpand, Sa. &c.

Ver. 6. Valley. Heb. Ge-ben-hinnon, “the vale of the son of Ennom,” (H.) a Jebusite, who had formerly possessed that part of the valley of Cedron. M. — Syr. write Gena, whence comes geenna a place at the foot of Moria, and the sink of the city. A constant fire was kept up to burn dead bodies. Kimchi. D.

Ver. 7. Graven. Prot. “a carved image (the idol which he had made) in,” &c. It seems to have been sacred to the grove, (H.) or a representation of Astarte, 4 K. xxi. 7. The ark was taken away, (C. xxv. 3.) to make place for this impure deity, which had four (S. Basil) or five faces, (Euseb. Salien) that people might adore it on all sides.

Ver. 9. Seduced. Using the arts of seduction, as well as open force. Heb. “Manasses made Juda….err,” 4 K. xxi. 16. There is a fund of malice in the human heart, which easily prevails on people to yield, on such occasions, if the grace of God do not support them. Yet, as they are not still without a sense of duty and religion, many will readily comply with the invitations of a pious king, when he earnestly endeavours to reform his people. But these conversions too frequently prove false and unstable. C. xxix. 36. H.

Ver. 10. Spoke, by his prophets. 4 K.

Ver. 11. Captains; probably Tharthan. A. 3328. About five years before, Asarhaddon had made himself master of Babylon, to which place the captive king was brought, in the 22d year of his reign. 4 K. xx. 10. &c. Isai. xxii. — And carried. Heb. “among the thorns, and bound him with fetters (Prot.) of brass; (Jun. &c.) or, “they took Manasses with a hook,” insidiously. He might have retired to some desert place, as the Israelites did, to avoid the fury of the Philistines. 1 K. xiii. 6. C. — Chains. Vatable says, “two.” M.

Ver. 12. Distress. “When he had been conducted to Babylon, and cast into a brazen vessel full of holes, over a fire, he called upon all the names of the idols, which he was accustomed to adore; and, as he was not heard, nor set free by them, he recollected what he had often heard repeated by his father: When though shalt call upon me in tribulation, and shalt be converted, I will hear thee graciously; as it is written in Deut. (see C. iv. 29. H.) and his prayer was thus heard by the Lord, and he was delivered and brought back to his kingdom, like Habacuc.” S. Jer. Trad. — The author of the imperfect work on S. Matthew, (among the works of S. Chrys. hom. 1. H.) says, that Manasses was barely allowed as much barley bread, and water mixed with vinegar, as would keep him alive. Whereupon, remembering the Lord, he had recourse to his clemency, and a miraculous flame surrounded him, and dissolving his chains, set him at liberty. Saos-duchin, the successor of Azarhaddon, probably restored him to his throne, some years after his captivity, or perhaps that very year, so that his repentance continued thirty-three years. C. — Prayed, a proof of the efficacy of sincere repentance. W.

Ver. 14. Without, including what is styled the second city; (4 K. xxii. 14,) or he perfected the works begun by his father, or repaired the wall which the Assyrians had thrown down, though we read not of their taking the city. C. — Fish-gate….to Ophel, from the north-eastern corner, to the place opposite to the eastern gate of the temple. C. xxvii. 3. M. — The fish-gate led towards Joppe, whence the city was supplied with fish. S. Jer. Trad. — It was also called David’s gate, because it stood near this city. By it, the Chaldees afterwards rushed in. Soph. i. 10. T.

Ver. 16. And praise. Prot. “thanks-offerings.” Sept. “a victim of salvation and praise.” H. — The sacrifice might be accompanied with canticles. — Ps. xxvi. 6, &c. C.

Ver. 17. God. Heb. adds, “only,” and not to idols. H. — This worship was not superstitious, but it was illegal; and it is a misfortune, that Manasses had not as much influence to guide the people in virtue, as he had formerly, to induce them to follow his example in idolatry. C. — He could not prevail upon them to destroy the high places. M.

Ver. 18. Prayer, which is not extant in Heb. but in Greek and Latin. As yet it is neither received for canonical, nor rejected by the Church. W. — Israel. That kingdom had been overturned in the sixth year of Ezechias. There was now no need of distinguishing the kings of Juda from those of Israel. The former seemed to have claimed authority over the whole country. 4 K. xxiii. 19. H.

Ver. 19. Contempt. Heb. “prevarication.” Sept. “apostacy.” M. — Chozai means “seers.” Sept. Prot. H. — But it more probably signifies some particular prophet, (C.) Isaias, (S. Jer. Trad.) “Hanan,” (Syr.) or “Saphan.” Arab. version. C. — This work, less than the book of the kings of Israel, is now lost. M.

Ver. 20. House, in his own gardens, and not with the other kings. Grot. C.

Ver. 22. Made, though he had afterwards destroyed them. Amon endeavoured to restore their worship, (C.) adoring the same idols, and making other statues in their honour. D.

Ver. 23. Sins, inasmuch as he died in his guilt. Prot. “but Amon trespassed more and more,” (H.) following the former bad example of Manasses, Jer. xv. D.

Ver. 25. Them. Heb. “all that had conspired against king Amon.” H.