King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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2 Chronicles 3

The building of the temple.

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The building of the temple

1 Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the Lord appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.

2 And he began to build in the second day of the second month, in the fourth year of his reign.

3 Now these are the things wherein Solomon was instructed for the building of the house of God. The length by cubits after the first measure was threescore cubits, and the breadth twenty cubits.

4 And the porch that was in the front of the house, the length of it was according to the breadth of the house, twenty cubits, and the height was an hundred and twenty: and he overlaid it within with pure gold.

5 And the greater house he cieled with fir tree, which he overlaid with fine gold, and set thereon palm trees and chains.

6 And he garnished the house with precious stones for beauty: and the gold was gold of Parvaim.

7 He overlaid also the house, the beams, the posts, and the walls thereof, and the doors thereof, with gold; and graved cherubims on the walls.

8 And he made the most holy house, the length whereof was according to the breadth of the house, twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits: and he overlaid it with fine gold, amounting to six hundred talents.

9 And the weight of the nails was fifty shekels of gold. And he overlaid the upper chambers with gold.

10 And in the most holy house he made two cherubims of image work, and overlaid them with gold.

11 And the wings of the cherubims were twenty cubits long: one wing of the one cherub was five cubits, reaching to the wall of the house: and the other wing was likewise five cubits, reaching to the wing of the other cherub.

12 And one wing of the other cherub was five cubits, reaching to the wall of the house: and the other wing was five cubits also, joining to the wing of the other cherub.

13 The wings of these cherubims spread themselves forth twenty cubits: and they stood on their feet, and their faces were inward.

14 And he made the vail of blue, and purple, and crimson, and fine linen, and wrought cherubims thereon.

15 Also he made before the house two pillars of thirty and five cubits high, and the chapiter that was on the top of each of them was five cubits.

16 And he made chains, as in the oracle, and put them on the heads of the pillars; and made an hundred pomegranates, and put them on the chains.

17 And he reared up the pillars before the temple, one on the right hand, and the other on the left; and called the name of that on the right hand Jachin, and the name of that on the left Boaz.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Moria, which signifies vision; (C.) the place pointed out to Abraham, (Gen. xxii. 2. S. Aug. de C. xvi. 32.) and to David. 1 Par. xxi. 15. and xxii. 1.

Ver. 2. Second. Heb. adds, (D.) “in the second day of the second month.” Prot. &c. H.

Ver. 3. By the first, or ancient measure, used before the captivity. The Babylonian cubit was a hand smaller, as Ezechiel (xl. 3.) intimates. C. — Solomon used the same cubit as Moses, but doubled the proportions. M.

Ver. 4. A hundred. The Arab. and some copies of the Sept. read only twenty. Capellus and Toinard would substitute, ten cubits. A small change in the Heb. might occasion these variations. C. — In 3 K. vi. 2. we find the height was thirty cubits: but that might be only to the first floor. Many think that the temple was 120 cubits high: but Salien (A. 3024) explains it of the four-square tower, (M.) in the front. C.

Ver. 5. House. between the most holy place and the porch, (T.) or it may comprise all but the porch. Heb. “he covered (or boarded) all this great house.” C. — Deal boards interspersed with those of cedar. 3 K. vi. 9. T. — Fine, (obrizi.) Heb. “of Parvaim, which is probably the same as Sepharvaim, Ophir, &c. not far from Media and Colchis. C.

Ver. 8. Amounting to about, is not in Heb. H.

Ver. 9. Sicles. This weight seems enormous for each nail. Mariana supposes every nail weighed one sicle. But who will believe that only fifty were used? Heb. “And the weight of the nails was fifty,” &c. The Syr. and Arab. omit this verse entirely. — Chambers, or rather “the ceiling.”

Ver. 10. Work. Heb. “of the work of young men,” or resembling them. Munster — Sept. “the work of wood.” Vulg. lit. “of sculpture work,” (H.) as Le Clerc renders the original. Some moderns translate, “of a work like men in motion.” Mariana, Buxtorf — The cherubims were in an erect posture.

Ver. 11. Cubits, comprising the breadth of their body. Each occupied ten cubits.

Ver. 13. Toward. Heb. “inward;” looking at each other, (Ex. xxv. 20.) or towards the altar of holocausts.

Ver. 14. A veil. Abulensis places it between the court and the holy: but Jansenius would have it before the holy of holies. It seems rather that there was a veil in both places, (Barad. t. ii. b. iii. 23. M.) as Josephus (viii. 2. and xii. 10.) clearly intimates; and S. Paul speaks of the second veil. Heb. ix. 3. It is not certain which of them was torn at the death of Jesus Christ. Matt. xxvii. 51. Cherubims; extraordinary figures. C.

Ver. 15. Five. 3 K. vii. 15. we read each was eighteen cubits. It is probable that each was 17½ and the other half was for the crown, (C.) or cornice. H.

Ver. 16. In, or “as in.” Sa. M. — Protestants supply as. H. — Hundred, for one row, or 200 for both. 3 K. D.

Ver. 17. Booz. “Stability and strength” are derived from God alone. Thus Solomon designed to insinuate that God established the harmony of the universe. H. — An orrery, or globe, was therefore placed on each of these pillars. Parkhurst, in con.