King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

1 Corinthians > New Testament > Home

1 Corinthians 13

The necessity and advantage of the grace of love. (1-3) Its excellency represented by its properties and effects; (4-7) and by its abiding, and its superiority. (8-13)

1 Corinthians 13 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

The necessity and advantage of the grace of love

1 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.

2 And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.

3 And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.

Its excellency represented by its properties and effects;

4 Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up,

5 Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil;

6 Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth;

7 Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.

and by its abiding, and its superiority

8 Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away.

9 For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.

10 But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.

11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.

12 For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.

13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

The apostle here shews the necessity of the great virtue of charity, that is, of the love of God, and of our neighbour. Wi.

Ver. 1. A tinkling cymbal. Which may give notice, and be beneficial to others, but not to itself. Wi. — Without charity, both towards every individual, and especially towards the common body of the Church, none of the aforesaid gifts will be available. B.

Ver. 2-3. These prove that faith without good works, and especially charity for God and our neighbour, cannot avail to eternal life; faith and charity are both essentially necessary. Hence S. Augustin declares, that where there is not true faith, there cannot be justice; because the just man liveth by faith: and where charity is not, there can be no justice, which if they had, they would never tear in pieces the body of Christ, which is the Church. De fid. ad Pet. c. xxxix.

Ver. 4. Charity . . . dealeth not perversely.[1] The Greek word here seems taken from the Latin. S. Chrys. expounds it, is not rash, but acteth prudently and considerately. Others, it is not light or inconstant. Others, it braggeth, or vaunteth not, as in the Prot. translation. Wi.

Ver. 5. Is not ambitious;[2] which is also the sense of some Greek copies, but in others, and in S. Chrys. it signifies, it is not ashamed of any one. Wi.

Ver. 8. Prophecies and tongues last no longer than this life. — Knowledge shall be destroyed, that is, that imperfect knowledge we have in this world. For now we know only in part, we only see, as it were, through a glass, and imperfectly. — Faith, which is of things that appear not, and hope, which is of things that we enjoy not, will cease in heaven, but charity, the greater, or greatest even of these three, will remain, and be increased in heaven. Wi.

Ver. 10. S. Aug. proves from this text, that the saints in heaven have a more perfect knowledge of what passes here below, than when they sojourned on earth. De Civit. Dei. l. xxii. c. 29.

Ver. 11. When I was a child. I, like you, formerly judged of the goodness and excellency of these spiritual gifts by the advantages the procured; but after the Almighty had bestowed upon me his particular light, my opinion was far otherwise. Prophecy, and the gifts of languages are certainly very estimable gifts, yet charity is much more excellent. Calmet. — It is by charity we approach near to God, that we become his true image. Can we, then, wonder at the magnificent praises, glorious prerogatives, and surprising effects S. Paul gives to this all necessary virtue?

____________________

[1] V. 4. Non agit perperam, ou perpereuetai. S. Chrys. says, toutesti ou propeteuetai, non est præceps, aut temeraria.

[2] V. 5. Non est ambitiosa. Some Greek copies, philotimei. In the ordinary Greek, and in S. Chrys. ouk achemonei. It is not ashamed to undergo any disgrace for God, or our neighbour’s sake.