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1 Chronicles 7


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1 Now the sons of Issachar were, Tola, and Puah, Jashub, and Shimrom, four.

2 And the sons of Tola; Uzzi, and Rephaiah, and Jeriel, and Jahmai, and Jibsam, and Shemuel, heads of their father’s house, to wit, of Tola: they were valiant men of might in their generations; whose number was in the days of David two and twenty thousand and six hundred.

3 And the sons of Uzzi; Izrahiah: and the sons of Izrahiah; Michael, and Obadiah, and Joel, Ishiah, five: all of them chief men.

4 And with them, by their generations, after the house of their fathers, were bands of soldiers for war, six and thirty thousand men: for they had many wives and sons.

5 And their brethren among all the families of Issachar were valiant men of might, reckoned in all by their genealogies fourscore and seven thousand.

6 The sons of Benjamin; Bela, and Becher, and Jediael, three.

7 And the sons of Bela; Ezbon, and Uzzi, and Uzziel, and Jerimoth, and Iri, five; heads of the house of their fathers, mighty men of valour; and were reckoned by their genealogies twenty and two thousand and thirty and four.

8 And the sons of Becher; Zemira, and Joash, and Eliezer, and Elioenai, and Omri, and Jerimoth, and Abiah, and Anathoth, and Alameth. All these are the sons of Becher.

9 And the number of them, after their genealogy by their generations, heads of the house of their fathers, mighty men of valour, was twenty thousand and two hundred.

10 The sons also of Jediael; Bilhan: and the sons of Bilhan; Jeush, and Benjamin, and Ehud, and Chenaanah, and Zethan, and Tharshish, and Ahishahar.

11 All these the sons of Jediael, by the heads of their fathers, mighty men of valour, were seventeen thousand and two hundred soldiers, fit to go out for war and battle.

12 Shuppim also, and Huppim, the children of Ir, and Hushim, the sons of Aher.

13 The sons of Naphtali; Jahziel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shallum, the sons of Bilhah.

14 The sons of Manasseh; Ashriel, whom she bare: (but his concubine the Aramitess bare Machir the father of Gilead:

15 And Machir took to wife the sister of Huppim and Shuppim, whose sister’s name was Maachah;) and the name of the second was Zelophehad: and Zelophehad had daughters.

16 And Maachah the wife of Machir bare a son, and she called his name Peresh; and the name of his brother was Sheresh; and his sons were Ulam and Rakem.

17 And the sons of Ulam; Bedan. These were the sons of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh.

18 And his sister Hammoleketh bare Ishod, and Abiezer, and Mahalah.

19 And the sons of Shemidah were, Ahian, and Shechem, and Likhi, and Aniam.

20 And the sons of Ephraim; Shuthelah, and Bered his son, and Tahath his son, and Eladah his son, and Tahath his son,

21 And Zabad his son, and Shuthelah his son, and Ezer, and Elead, whom the men of Gath that were born in that land slew, because they came down to take away their cattle.

22 And Ephraim their father mourned many days, and his brethren came to comfort him.

23 And when he went in to his wife, she conceived, and bare a son, and he called his name Beriah, because it went evil with his house.

24 (And his daughter was Sherah, who built Bethhoron the nether, and the upper, and Uzzensherah.)

25 And Rephah was his son, also Resheph, and Telah his son, and Tahan his son.

26 Laadan his son, Ammihud his son, Elishama his son.

27 Non his son, Jehoshuah his son.

28 And their possessions and habitations were, Bethel and the towns thereof, and eastward Naaran, and westward Gezer, with the towns thereof; Shechem also and the towns thereof, unto Gaza and the towns thereof:

29 And by the borders of the children of Manasseh, Bethshean and her towns, Taanach and her towns, Megiddo and her towns, Dor and her towns. In these dwelt the children of Joseph the son of Israel.

30 The sons of Asher; Imnah, and Isuah, and Ishuai, and Beriah, and Serah their sister.

31 And the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel, who is the father of Birzavith.

32 And Heber begat Japhlet, and Shomer, and Hotham, and Shua their sister.

33 And the sons of Japhlet; Pasach, and Bimhal, and Ashvath. These are the children of Japhlet.

34 And the sons of Shamer; Ahi, and Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram.

35 And the sons of his brother Helem; Zophah, and Imna, and Shelesh, and Amal.

36 The sons of Zophah; Suah, and Harnepher, and Shual, and Beri, and Imrah,

37 Bezer, and Hod, and Shamma, and Shilshah, and Ithran, and Beera.

38 And the sons of Jether; Jephunneh, and Pispah, and Ara.

39 And the sons of Ulla; Arah, and Haniel, and Rezia.

40 All these were the children of Asher, heads of their father’s house, choice and mighty men of valour, chief of the princes. And the number throughout the genealogy of them that were apt to the war and to battle was twenty and six thousand men.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Jasub, or Job. See Gen. xlvi. 13. Num. xxvi. 23. C. — Simeron, elsewhere Samron and Semran; (M.) which shews, either that the names have been differently pronounced, or that the transcribers have erred. H.

Ver. 2. Chiefs. They were at the head of distinct families. M. — David. We know that David took an account of his fighting men. 2 K. xxiv. But it is not certain that this register was made at that time; as we read that Benjamin was not numbered. C. xxi. 6. These lists were probably made when some expedition was intended by David. The author was not, perhaps, able to recover the accounts of Nephthali, Manasses, and Ephraim, no more that the genealogies of Dan (v. 12) and Zabulon, which do not appear in this book. C.

Ver. 3. Sons, for “the son.” D. — Izrahia. He alone deserved to be mentioned. See v. 6, where only three sons of Benjamin appear, though there were more, C. viii. 2. T. — Five, comprising Israhia, “all chiefs,” (H.) men of note, (D.) or one name may be lost. C.

Ver. 4. Children, who had numerous offspring; (H.) so that, in the days of David, these descendants of Thola, amounted to so many. M.

Ver. 5. War. In all, this tribe could muster 145,600 men, at that time. C.

Ver. 6. Benjamin; a man, perhaps, of the tribe of Issachar. See v. 10. Or the patriarch had originally ten sons, (Gen. xlvi. 21.) or grandsons, five of whom only had children, and perhaps tow of their families perished entirely in the war with the other tribes; (Judg. xx. 46.) so that, under David, only three branches were acknowledged. C. — Jadihel, or Asbel in Genesis.

Ver. 7. Urai, a grandson, called Hir, v. 12. C. — Five chiefs, but inferior to the seven original families, (Num. xxvi. 38. M.) unless the fortune of war had made great changes, or some of the lists be imperfect. C.

Ver. 12. And Hapham; called Mophim and Ophim, (Gen. xlvi.) and Suphim and Hupham, Num. xxvi. 39. — Aher, in Heb. means, “another” son, called Hazim: or more probably Aher ought to be Dan, the father of Husim, (Gen. xlvi. 23.) as Dan and Nephthali had both the same mother, Bala, v. 13. C.

Ver. 14. Son. Heb. “sons…Ezriel, whom she bare.” This seems imperfect. The Hebrews seldom name the mother. C. — Sept. intimate that the Syrian wife was mother of both. H. — Galaad, whose posterity enjoyed the country of the same name, (Num. xxii. 29. and xxxii. 41.) only Machir in mentioned as the son of Manasses.

Ver. 15. And Saphan. S. Jerom seems to have taken them for women. If they were the sons of Hir, (v. 12) Machir probably adopted them. Heb. “Machir took a wife from Happhim,” &c. But does one woman marry two men? Syr. and Arab. “Machir took a wife one of the sisters of Huphim and Suphim, (the great and powerful) named Maacha.” C. — Prot. “the sister of Huppim…whose sister’s name was Maachah.” H. — Hebrew may have this sense, with a small alteration. C. — Le Clerc thinks that the name of the woman has been lost, and the text altered. — Second. This also seems defective, as no first had been mentioned. C. — Two intervened between Machir and Salphaad, namely, Galaad and Hepher, (Num. xxvi. 29. and xxvii. 1. M.) so that Salphaad was his great-grandson. H.

Ver. 17. Badan, perhaps the same with Jair; (Judg. x. 3. 1 K. xii. 11. C.) or rather in this last place, the Syr. &c. read more correctly Barac, and Samson instead of Samuel, who was then speaking. See Heb. xi. 32. There was no such deliverer as Badan, but the word has been corrupted from Barac. Sept. Kennicott.

Ver. 18. Queen. Heb. “Moleceth bore Ishehod.” S. Jerom and the Latin Church translate these names. W. — Prot. “Hammoleketh bore Ishod.” H. — The proper names might have been as well retained, (C.) as in the Sept. H. — Some suppose that the mother of Josue, or Debora, may be designated. Rabbins. — Abiezer, (19) Leci, are the Jeser and Chelek. Num. xxvi. 30.

Ver. 20. Bared, Thahath, probably called Becher and Theken, in Num. Three alone are there mentioned, though the other thirteen, whose names are given, seem to have been all the immediate sons of Ephriam, (C.) since he mourns for them, (v. 22. M.) and his other children afterwards. H. — The dreadful slaughter made them, is perhaps the reason why only three are mentioned in Numbers, and none in Genesis.

Ver. 21. Son, Ezer. Heb. “and Ezer and Elad.” His son, after each, seems to be twice omitted, as these were in the same degree as the rest. Sept. agree with the Vulg. H. — Because they, the sons of Ephraim, (C. &c.) or the men of Geth. Syr. and Arab. D. M. T. — The text is ambiguous, but the former supposition seems more rational, (H.) and more generally received. C.

Ver. 23. Beria. This name signifies, in evil, or in affection. Ch. — Briae, “in howling.” M.

Ver. 24. Daughter, or great grand-daughter, repaired these three cities. C. — The last, probably, was called after her. H. — But its situation is unknown. C.

Ver. 25. Thale. Heb. “and Thale, his son, and Thaan, his son.” These seem to have been the sons of Ephraim. The following were their descendants. H. — At least Elisama was prince in the wilderness, (C.) under Moses; (Num. i. 10. H.) and Josue, the sixth from Ephraim, was 54 years old, when the Israelites left Egypt. C.

Ver. 29. Daughters. Sept. “villages.” — Joseph, by Ephraim and Manasses, west of the Jordan. H.

Ver. 34. Aram. Add, “and Helem,” (C.) unless Helem was the first-born (v. 35) of Ahi, which signifies “brother.” Perhaps Helem was brother of Somer, called Hotham, v. 32.

Ver. 37. Jethran. Sept. “Jether,” as v. seq.

Ver. 38. Jephone. The father of Caleb was of the tribe of Juda. C.

Ver. 40. Of captains; a Hebrew idiom, to denote the most excellent. H. — Heb. “chief of the princes.” All mentioned from v. 30, were at the hand of their tribe, in succession, and led their brethren to battle. C.