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1 Chronicles 6


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1 The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

2 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel.

3 And the children of Amram; Aaron, and Moses, and Miriam. The sons also of Aaron; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

4 Eleazar begat Phinehas, Phinehas begat Abishua,

5 And Abishua begat Bukki, and Bukki begat Uzzi,

6 And Uzzi begat Zerahiah, and Zerahiah begat Meraioth,

7 Meraioth begat Amariah, and Amariah begat Ahitub,

8 And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Ahimaaz,

9 And Ahimaaz begat Azariah, and Azariah begat Johanan,

10 And Johanan begat Azariah, (he it is that executed the priest’s office in the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem:)

11 And Azariah begat Amariah, and Amariah begat Ahitub,

12 And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Shallum,

13 And Shallum begat Hilkiah, and Hilkiah begat Azariah,

14 And Azariah begat Seraiah, and Seraiah begat Jehozadak,

15 And Jehozadak went into captivity, when the LORD carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.

16 The sons of Levi; Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.

17 And these be the names of the sons of Gershom; Libni, and Shimei.

18 And the sons of Kohath were, Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel.

19 The sons of Merari; Mahli, and Mushi. And these are the families of the Levites according to their fathers.

20 Of Gershom; Libni his son, Jahath his son, Zimmah his son,

21 Joah his son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeaterai his son.

22 The sons of Kohath; Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son,

23 Elkanah his son, and Ebiasaph his son, and Assir his son,

24 Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son.

25 And the sons of Elkanah; Amasai, and Ahimoth.

26 As for Elkanah: the sons of Elkanah; Zophai his son, and Nahath his son,

27 Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son.

28 And the sons of Samuel; the firstborn Vashni, and Abiah.

29 The sons of Merari; Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzza his son,

30 Shimea his son, Haggiah his son, Asaiah his son.

31 And these are they whom David set over the service of song in the house of the LORD, after that the ark had rest.

32 And they ministered before the dwelling place of the tabernacle of the congregation with singing, until Solomon had built the house of the LORD in Jerusalem: and then they waited on their office according to their order.

33 And these are they that waited with their children. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman a singer, the son of Joel, the son of Shemuel,

34 The son of Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Eliel, the son of Toah,

35 The son of Zuph, the son of Elkanah, the son of Mahath, the son of Amasai,

36 The son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah,

37 The son of Tahath, the son of Assir, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah,

38 The son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, the son of Israel.

39 And his brother Asaph, who stood on his right hand, even Asaph the son of Berachiah, the son of Shimea,

40 The son of Michael, the son of Baaseiah, the son of Malchiah,

41 The son of Ethni, the son of Zerah, the son of Adaiah,

42 The son of Ethan, the son of Zimmah, the son of Shimei,

43 The son of Jahath, the son of Gershom, the son of Levi.

44 And their brethren the sons of Merari stood on the left hand: Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch,

45 The son of Hashabiah, the son of Amaziah, the son of Hilkiah,

46 The son of Amzi, the son of Bani, the son of Shamer,

47 The son of Mahli, the son of Mushi, the son of Merari, the son of Levi.

48 Their brethren also the Levites were appointed unto all manner of service of the tabernacle of the house of God.

49 But Aaron and his sons offered upon the altar of the burnt offering, and on the altar of incense, and were appointed for all the work of the place most holy, and to make an atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.

50 And these are the sons of Aaron; Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son,

51 Bukki his son, Uzzi his son, Zerahiah his son,

52 Meraioth his son, Amariah his son, Ahitub his son,

53 Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son.

54 Now these are their dwelling places throughout their castles in their coasts, of the sons of Aaron, of the families of the Kohathites: for theirs was the lot.

55 And they gave them Hebron in the land of Judah, and the suburbs thereof round about it.

56 But the fields of the city, and the villages thereof, they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh.

57 And to the sons of Aaron they gave the cities of Judah, namely, Hebron, the city of refuge, and Libnah with her suburbs, and Jattir, and Eshtemoa, with their suburbs,

58 And Hilen with her suburbs, Debir with her suburbs,

59 And Ashan with her suburbs, and Bethshemesh with her suburbs:

60 And out of the tribe of Benjamin; Geba with her suburbs, and Alemeth with her suburbs, and Anathoth with her suburbs. All their cities throughout their families were thirteen cities.

61 And unto the sons of Kohath, which were left of the family of that tribe, were cities given out of the half tribe, namely, out of the half tribe of Manasseh, by lot, ten cities.

62 And to the sons of Gershom throughout their families out of the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen cities.

63 Unto the sons of Merari were given by lot, throughout their families, out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities.

64 And the children of Israel gave to the Levites these cities with their suburbs.

65 And they gave by lot out of the tribe of the children of Judah, and out of the tribe of the children of Simeon, and out of the tribe of the children of Benjamin, these cities, which are called by their names.

66 And the residue of the families of the sons of Kohath had cities of their coasts out of the tribe of Ephraim.

67 And they gave unto them, of the cities of refuge, Shechem in mount Ephraim with her suburbs; they gave also Gezer with her suburbs,

68 And Jokmeam with her suburbs, and Bethhoron with her suburbs,

69 And Aijalon with her suburbs, and Gathrimmon with her suburbs:

70 And out of the half tribe of Manasseh; Aner with her suburbs, and Bileam with her suburbs, for the family of the remnant of the sons of Kohath.

71 Unto the sons of Gershom were given out of the family of the half tribe of Manasseh, Golan in Bashan with her suburbs, and Ashtaroth with her suburbs:

72 And out of the tribe of Issachar; Kedesh with her suburbs, Daberath with her suburbs,

73 And Ramoth with her suburbs, and Anem with her suburbs:

74 And out of the tribe of Asher; Mashal with her suburbs, and Abdon with her suburbs,

75 And Hukok with her suburbs, and Rehob with her suburbs:

76 And out of the tribe of Naphtali; Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, and Hammon with her suburbs, and Kirjathaim with her suburbs.

77 Unto the rest of the children of Merari were given out of the tribe of Zebulun, Rimmon with her suburbs, Tabor with her suburbs:

78 And on the other side Jordan by Jericho, on the east side of Jordan, were given them out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer in the wilderness with her suburbs, and Jahzah with her suburbs,

79 Kedemoth also with her suburbs, and Mephaath with her suburbs:

80 And out of the tribe of Gad; Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, and Mahanaim with her suburbs,

81 And Heshbon with her suburbs, and Jazer with her suburbs.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Levi. The genealogy of the Levites is given with more exactitude than any of the preceding. Caath formed two branches, 1. the priests, descended from Aaron; 2. all his other children, who were simply Levites. C. — Hence they are placed after the priests. M.

Ver. 2. Isaar, or Aminadab, v. 22.

Ver. 3. Abiu. These died without children. The genealogy of Eleazar is given, as his family enjoyed the pontificate a long time, while that of Ithamar is neglected, (C.) as only Heli and a few others were raised to that dignity. H.

Ver. 4. Eleazar. The nine following generations to Sadoc may be immediate. D.

Ver. 5. Abisue. He is mentioned no where else. Josephus (v. ult.) calls him Abiezer. C. — Many of these high priests were very obscure. M. — Ozi, after whom Heli is supposed to have reigned, so that Zaraias and the three following were excluded, (C.) while Heli, and four of the same family of Ithamar, were acknowledged as high priests. T. — Abiathar was then forced to give place to Sadoc, (3 K. ii. 26. H.) whose family was in power at the captivity, v. 15. T. — Nicephorus (ii. 4.) and Josephus (x. 11.) mention other high priests besides these. W.

Ver. 9. Azarias. Perhaps the same who is called Amarias, (2 Par. xix. 11.) as Johanan is probably the illustrious Joiada, 4 K. xi. 4.

Ver. 10. This may refer to either. C. — The Holy Ghost gives an encomium to Joiada, for re-establishing the divine worship, (Junius) or to Azarias, for withstanding the impious attempt of king Osias. E. T. &c. 2 Paral. xxvi. 17. M.

Ver. 12. Sellum, or Mosollam. C. ix. 11. C.

Ver. 15. Went out, into captivity, while his father was slain. 4 K. xxv. 18. More than 22 priests would be requisite to fill up near 900 years. See Salien.

Ver. 16. Gerson. Hebrew here reads Gersom, though it had Gerson before, v. 1.

Ver. 18. The, &c. This verse is repeated from v. 2. as the author is now going to continue the genealogy of the Levites, in their natural order, (H.) to Samuel. D.

Ver. 20. Jahath. See v. 42, 3. — Zamma springs from Semei, Jeth, Gerson, and has a son named Ethan, who has Adaia; as Zara begot Athanai, v. 41. Almost all the names are rather different

Ver. 22. Asir. While Core perished, his children were preserved. Num. xvi. 30. and xxvi. 11. H.

Ver. 23. Asir. This name seems superfluous (v. 36. Ex. vi. 24. C.) perhaps taken from the preceding verse. H. — The two former were sons of Core, v. 25. 37. C.

Ver. 26. Sophai, Nahath, and Eliab, are called Suph, (H.) Thohu, (v. 34. C.) and Eliel. H. — Sophai may be a surname of Elcana. Poole. D.

Ver. 27. Elcana, his son. It seems necessary to supply, “Samuel, his son,” (H.) as he descended from the 3d Elcana. D.

Ver. 28. Vasseni. Some Latin copies subjoin “Joel,” who was the first-born, (v. 33.) La Haye. — Vasseni means, “and the second;” which can hardly be considered as the name of the eldest son, tough some have take it as such, in like manner as they have explained six. C. iii. 22. But then the v ought at least to be omitted, (C.) as it is in the Vat. and Alex. Sept. “Sani and Abia.” H. — Other editions insert “Joel,” with the Syr. and Arab. C. — This person had therefore either two names, or Joel has been omitted, and we should translate “Joel and the second, Abia.” M. — These brothers acted so ill as judges, that the people took occasion to demand a king. 1 K. viii. 3.

Ver. 31. The singing. Heb. “the hands or places of the canticle,” the two tribunes on each side of the altar. Heman presided over the band in the middle, while Asaph directed those on the right, and Ethan those on the left, v. 33. 39. and 44. C. — Placed. Heb. “rested,” as before David’s time it had been carried about. He erected a tabernacle for it on Sion, and directed the Levites to attend in order, (C. xxv.) so that some should be present every day (M.) to honour God, both by instruments and vocal music, while the priests performed their sacred functions with the utmost decency.

Ver. 33. Heman. Some families among the Levites were more distinguished than the rest, having authority to regulate the singers, and to give the tune. Hence many psalms are addressed to these three masters of music. Yet from those titles we cannot surely infer that those psalms were composed by Asaph, &c. C.

Ver. 34. Eliel. Many of the genealogies do not seem to agree in these first 10 chapters, as some more obscure names have been passed over, (M.) or the people had different names, or, through the fault of transcribers, some alteration has taken place, which could hardly be avoided, without a constant miracle. H.

Ver. 39. Brother, or relation, though of the family of Gerson. He also followed the same profession as Ethan did, v. 44.

Ver. 44. Ethan is also called Idithun (C. xxv. 1. 8.) in the Psalms. C.

Ver. 48. Brethren. All the other Levites, who were not Cantors. M.

Ver. 49. Offerings, which is here the meaning of incensum; as “incense” was not burnt on this altar, but only victims. Ex. xxix. 13.

Ver. 53. Sadoc. By God’s ordinance Heli had been appointed. But the dignity still subsisted in Aaron’s family. W. — Achimaas, who was pontiff in the days of Solomon. This genealogy had been brought down to the Captivity, (v. 3, &c.) which shews that the author give extracts from different records.

Ver. 55. Suburbs, or 2000 cubits round the city. See Jos. xx. and xxi. C.

Ver. 57. Of, is not authorized by the Vulg. civitates, but is added, to signify that all these 13 cities were not thus privileged. H. — There were only six cites of refuge, of which Hebron was one. See Josue xx. 7. C. M. — Prot. “And to the sons of Aaron they gave the cities of Juda, namely, Hebron, the city of refuge.” But “such a licence to insert words at pleasure, cannot be allowed.” Heb. lit. “they gave cities of Hebrew refuge, Hebron,” &c. The “sense absolutely disallows the word Judah,” which is omitted , (Jos. xxi. 13.) as well as in some Heb. MSS. in the Bamberg, and Complut. editions, and in those of Jablonski and Michaelis. — Hari, “cities,” ought to be hir, “a city,” as only one is meant. We should also add with the Arab. and Syriac, and the parallel passage in Josue, “and her suburbs,” after Hebron. Kennicott. — “Juda” is not found in the Sept. &c.: and Buxtorf acted with little wisdom, when he thought he had sufficiently answered Capellus, by observing that the Masora declared the word to be authentic. Anticrit. It is a great misfortune that most of the printed Heb. editions have been given under such influence; and that the Masorets have defaced so many MSS. by their corrections. H. — Hence they probably burnt all the first edition of Naples, 1487, except part of a single copy, comprising the Cethubim given to Eton college by Dr. Pellet, which omits the word Juda. Kennicott. Dis. i. p. 520-2.

Ver. 59. Asan, perhaps Jethnan, or Ain. Jos. xv. 23. and xxi. 15. Syriac adds Ethra. C. — Bethsames. Sept. Alex. subjoins, “Baither and its suburbs.” H. — All these cities were in the tribes of Juda and of Simeon. M.

Ver. 60. Almath. Jos. Almon.Thirteen; but Geta and Gabaon are not here expressed. Jos. xxi. 16. 17. C. — Sept. Alex. inserts, “Lebee,” before, and “Anchos, with its suburbs,” after Anathoth, thus making 14; but these additional cities are not sacerdotal. H.

Ver. 61. Out of. We may supply, “the tribe of Dan, Ephraim, &c.” as only two cities belonged to Manasses. Jos. xxi. 25. C. — Double that number was taken from the two other tribes. M.

Ver. 65. Them. The priests, v. 54. D. — Names. Some being styled of the priests, (C.) other of the Levites, (M.) whose dominion as thus asserted. C.

Ver. 66. The cities, or rather “some cities,” as all were not in the tribe of Ephraim. H.

Ver. 67. Of the. Lit. “cities to flee to, (or of refuge) Sichem,” (H.) which might induce some to suppose that all these cities were of this description; but, in reality, only Sichem had that privilege. C. — Sept. is liable to the same ambiguity. See v. 57. (H.) Jos. xx. 7. and xxi. 21.

Ver. 68. Jecmaan, or Cibsaim, (Jos.) as Helon is put for Aialon below. And of the tribe of Dan, Eltheco and Gabathon is omitted. See Jos. xxi. 23.

Ver. 70. Aner and Baalam, perhaps the same as Thanach and Gethremmon, which were given to the children of Caath of the inferior degree, (Jos. xxi. 26. C.) or, who were left out of the rank of priests, (M.) or before unprovided for, as the partition was made at different times. — Baalam. Heb. “Balaam.” Sept. “Iblaam” is the Jeblaam. Jos. xvii. 11.

Ver. 71. Astharoth, or Bosra. C. — Heb. Hashtaroth. Jos. xxi. 27. H.

Ver. 72. Cedes…Ramoth, and Anem, are Cesion, Jaramoth, and Engannim. Jos. xxi. 28. 29.

Ver. 75. Hucac…Hamon, and Cariathaim, are Helcath, Hammoth-Dor, and Carthan.

Ver. 77. Remmono and Thabor, or, Jecham and Cartha. H. — Damna and Naalol are here omitted. Jos. xxi. 35. There was formerly a town on Thabor, perhaps called Ceselet Thabor. Jos. xix. 12. Judg. iv. 6. C.