King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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1 Chronicles 5


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1 Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but forasmuch as he defiled his father’s bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.

2 For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph’s:)

3 The sons, I say, of Reuben the firstborn of Israel were, Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

4 The sons of Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,

5 Micah his son, Reaia his son, Baal his son,

6 Beerah his son, whom Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria carried away captive: he was prince of the Reubenites.

7 And his brethren by their families, when the genealogy of their generations was reckoned, were the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah,

8 And Bela the son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of Joel, who dwelt in Aroer, even unto Nebo and Baalmeon:

9 And eastward he inhabited unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river Euphrates: because their cattle were multiplied in the land of Gilead.

10 And in the days of Saul they made war with the Hagarites, who fell by their hand: and they dwelt in their tents throughout all the east land of Gilead.

11 And the children of Gad dwelt over against them, in the land of Bashan unto Salcah:

12 Joel the chief, and Shapham the next, and Jaanai, and Shaphat in Bashan.

13 And their brethren of the house of their fathers were, Michael, and Meshullam, and Sheba, and Jorai, and Jachan, and Zia, and Heber, seven.

14 These are the children of Abihail the son of Huri, the son of Jaroah, the son of Gilead, the son of Michael, the son of Jeshishai, the son of Jahdo, the son of Buz;

15 Ahi the son of Abdiel, the son of Guni, chief of the house of their fathers.

16 And they dwelt in Gilead in Bashan, and in her towns, and in all the suburbs of Sharon, upon their borders.

17 All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.

18 The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were four and forty thousand seven hundred and threescore, that went out to the war.

19 And they made war with the Hagarites, with Jetur, and Nephish, and Nodab.

20 And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them; because they put their trust in him.

21 And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of men an hundred thousand.

22 For there fell down many slain, because the war was of God. And they dwelt in their steads until the captivity.

23 And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon.

24 And these were the heads of the house of their fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and heads of the house of their fathers.

25 And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.

26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. First-born. Gen. xlix. 4. W. — He gives this reason for not beginning with him. C. — And he. Prot. “and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birth-right.” H.

Ver. 2. Accounted to Joseph, viz. as to the double portion, which belonged to the first-born: but the princely dignity was given to Juda, and the priesthood to Levi. Ch. — Yet it is not certain that the latter dignity formed a part of the birth-right, (Gen. xxv. 31.) and the author takes no notice of it. C. — The double portion seems to have been all the privilege. Deut. xxi. 17. Sept. “the blessing or gift was Joseph’s.” Hebrew also does not specify princes, but “the leader,” (H.) the Messias, (Syr. &c.) and kings, from David till the captivity. C. Gen. xlix. 4. W.

Ver. 4. Joel. It does not appear whether he was the son of the last, or of Henoch.

Ver. 6. Beera, This tribe continued to have princes of their own, after the division of the kingdom. Beera was in power when Thelgathphalnasar, or Theglathphalasar, took five tribes into captivity. 4 K. xv. 29. Only twelve generations are mentioned to fill up about 750 years, from the leaving of Egypt. C. — But Enoch must have lived much sooner, as the Israelites continued in that country at least 215 years. The princes are probably not all specified, as on other occasions. H.

Ver. 7. Families, when they were led captive into Assyria; (M.) or before, when the tribe was in a most flourishing condition. — Princes. Heb. and Sept. “prince.” — Jehiel. Sept. “Joel,” v. 4.

Ver. 8. And. So Heb. &c. as f he was one of the princes. But the Vulg. seems to begin a new sentence, Porro, “now Bala.” The possessions of this man must have been very extensive, from the Euphrates till (H.) Baal-meon, within nine miles of Hesebon, (Eus.) almost (C.) as far as the Jordan. T. — Bala, or his descendants, extended their conquests as far as the Euphrates, which had been promised to Israel; and, under Saul, conquered the Agarites, who sprung from Agar. Syr. &c. “the Arabs of Sacca,” or the Scenites, “dwelling under tents,” and inhabiting the Desert Arabia. The details of this war are probably given, v. 19, &c. C.

Ver. 9. Cattle, for which reason they desired to have this country. Num. xxxii. 4. M.

Ver. 11. Selcha, not far from Jabok. Deut. iii. 10. C.

Ver. 12. Chief, (in capite.) Sept. “first-born.” H. — This list was made under Joathan, king of Juda, when Joel was at the head of the tribe of Gad. C. — Basan, the capital city, v. 16. Sa. M.

Ver. 15. And, &c. Heb. also, “Achi, son of Abdiel.” — Chief, like the preceding, each in their respective families. C. — They were relations (H.) of the same tribe. M.

Ver. 16. Saron, in Basan; (Jos. xii. 18.) different from those vallies near Joppe, (C.) and between Thabor and Tiberias. Euseb.

Ver. 17. Israel. Jeroboam II. had been dead two years before Joathan was born: unless some of the numbers be incorrect; which seem very probable. 4 K. xv. 5. Yet these registers might be made at different times, and one, perhaps, under Jeroboam I. as when any war seemed to threaten, the number of soldiers was to be known. C. — It does not appear why the king of Juda is mentioned, as the people were not under his dominion, unless (H.) he was contemporary with Jeroboam II. as some assert. M. — Yet the following expedition seems to have taken place while Israel was still faithful to God. H. By faith they overcame kingdoms. Heb. xi. W.

Ver. 19. But, &c. Heb. “and Jetur, &c. (20) and they were helped by God against them.” H. — Sept. “they prevailed over them, and the Agarites,” &c. The ancient, or higher Iturea, lay between Hermon and Manasses; but the lower, which Josephus includes under this name, took in the deserted possessions of that half tribe. C. — The former (H.) extended from Jordan by Libanus, to the mountains of Tyre. M. — And Naphis, sons of Ismael. Gen. xxv. 13. H.

Ver. 22. Lord. Very dreadful, and in obedience to God’s orders. — Captivity, v. 6. C.

Ver. 23. Basan, which belonged to Gad. H. — In Josue (xvii. 5.) Basan and Galaad seem to be given to Manasses; but the former there denotes all the level country, from the Jabok to the Jordan, as Galaad is put for the mountains on the East. C. — Great. It would take thirty hours to travel from the torrent Jabok to Baal Hermon. Adric. M.

Ver. 26. Assur. These princes were scourges in the hand of God, to punish the guilty. H. — The former forced Israel to pay tribute; the latter carried many into captivity, 4 K. xv. 19. 29. and xvi. 7. C. — Lahela, or Hala and Haber, cities watered by the river Gozan. — Ara; perhaps Rages. Tob. i. 16, &c. D.