King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

1 Chronicles > Old Testament > Home

1 Chronicles 4


1 Chronicles 4 Audio:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.


1 The sons of Judah; Pharez, Hezron, and Carmi, and Hur, and Shobal.

2 And Reaiah the son of Shobal begat Jahath; and Jahath begat Ahumai, and Lahad. These are the families of the Zorathites.

3 And these were of the father of Etam; Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash: and the name of their sister was Hazelelponi:

4 And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.

5 And Ashur the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah and Naarah.

6 And Naarah bare him Ahuzam, and Hepher, and Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah.

7 And the sons of Helah were, Zereth, and Jezoar, and Ethnan.

8 And Coz begat Anub, and Zobebah, and the families of Aharhel the son of Harum.

9 And Jabez was more honourable than his brethren: and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, Because I bare him with sorrow.

10 And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and that thine hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep me from evil, that it may not grieve me! And God granted him that which he requested.

11 And Chelub the brother of Shuah begat Mehir, which was the father of Eshton.

12 And Eshton begat Bethrapha, and Paseah, and Tehinnah the father of Irnahash. These are the men of Rechah.

13 And the sons of Kenaz; Othniel, and Seraiah: and the sons of Othniel; Hathath.

14 And Meonothai begat Ophrah: and Seraiah begat Joab, the father of the valley of Charashim; for they were craftsmen.

15 And the sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh; Iru, Elah, and Naam: and the sons of Elah, even Kenaz.

16 And the sons of Jehaleleel; Ziph, and Ziphah, Tiria, and Asareel.

17 And the sons of Ezra were, Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon: and she bare Miriam, and Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa.

18 And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took.

19 And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.

20 And the sons of Shimon were, Amnon, and Rinnah, Benhanan, and Tilon. And the sons of Ishi were, Zoheth, and Benzoheth.

21 The sons of Shelah the son of Judah were, Er the father of Lecah, and Laadah the father of Mareshah, and the families of the house of them that wrought fine linen, of the house of Ashbea,

22 And Jokim, and the men of Chozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who had the dominion in Moab, and Jashubilehem. And these are ancient things.

23 These were the potters, and those that dwelt among plants and hedges: there they dwelt with the king for his work.

24 The sons of Simeon were, Nemuel, and Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul:

25 Shallum his son, Mibsam his son, Mishma his son.

26 And the sons of Mishma; Hamuel his son, Zacchur his son, Shimei his son.

27 And Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters: but his brethren had not many children, neither did all their family multiply, like to the children of Judah.

28 And they dwelt at Beersheba, and Moladah, and Hazarshual,

29 And at Bilhah, and at Ezem, and at Tolad,

30 And at Bethuel, and at Hormah, and at Ziklag,

31 And at Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusim, and at Bethbirei, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities unto the reign of David.

32 And their villages were, Etam, and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Ashan, five cities:

33 And all their villages that were round about the same cities, unto Baal. These were their habitations, and their genealogy.

34 And Meshobab, and Jamlech, and Joshah, the son of Amaziah,

35 And Joel, and Jehu the son of Josibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel,

36 And Elioenai, and Jaakobah, and Jeshohaiah, and Asaiah, and Adiel, and Jesimiel, and Benaiah,

37 And Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah;

38 These mentioned by their names were princes in their families: and the house of their fathers increased greatly.

39 And they went to the entrance of Gedor, even unto the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks.

40 And they found fat pasture and good, and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable; for they of Ham had dwelt there of old.

41 And these written by name came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and smote their tents, and the habitations that were found there, and destroyed them utterly unto this day, and dwelt in their rooms: because there was pasture there for their flocks.

42 And some of them, even of the sons of Simeon, five hundred men, went to mount Seir, having for their captains Pelatiah, and Neariah, and Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi.

43 And they smote the rest of the Amalekites that were escaped, and dwelt there unto this day.

« »

G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Charmi, the great-grandson of Juda, by Zara and Zamri. Jos. vii. 1. — Junius takes him to be the same with Calubi, (C. ii.) father of Sobal. This seems to be transcribed from another ancient register of the family of Juda, and designed to shew where the principal men had resided. C. — Only the chiefs are specified. D.

Ver. 2. Sarathi, who peopled Saraa. C.

Ver. 3. Posterity. So all the ancient versions seem to have read boni, instead of the present Heb. abi, which literally means, “and these are the father of Etam.” If words ever wanted sense, they do so here. Kennicott. — Etham is perhaps the name of a town. Malv.

Ver. 7. Ethnan. Some would insert “and Cos,” to connect this with the following.

Ver. 8. Cos. Perhaps (C.) the same with Cenez, v. 13. T.

Ver. 9. Jabes. That is, sorrowful. Ch. — There seems to be something wanting, as we are not informed who were the brethren of Jabes. C. — This name he received from his mother, while his father Cos, called him Othoniel. E.

Ver. 10. For. To reward his piety and vow. Othoniel obtained Cariath-sepher, and Axa, the daugher of Caleb. Jos. xv. 17. C. — Jabes imitated holy Jacob, (Gen. xxviii.) and both desired temporal blessings, for their advancement in virtue. W.

Ver. 11. Caleb. Heb. “Celub,” different bother from Calubi and the son of Jephone, v. 15. C. — Brother, &c. Sept. “father of Ascha,” which would seem to make him the same with the latter.

Ver. 12. City. Heb. “Hir-Nachash.” H. — The latter term denotes “copper of a serpent.” We know not where this city was situated, no more than Recha. C.

Ver. 13. Othoniel, first judge. H. — He was brother, or rather cousin, of Caleb. See Jos. xv. 17.

Ver. 14. Artificers. Heb. Charashim, which means various sorts of “workmen,” (C.) or “father (prince. M.) of Ge-Harasim, for,” &c. C. — Under this lord the artificers dwelt who built the temple. W.

Ver. 15. Caleb, so memorable (C.) for this fidelity. Num. xii. 30. and xxxii. 12. H.

Ver. 18. Judaia, a second wife, of his own nation. By the first, from Egypt, Mered had Miriam, &c. Some words seem to be lost, which render it doubtful to whom Judaia was married.

Ver. 19. Odaia, perhaps the same with Judaia, (C.) as the Sept. read. — Who was. Heb. and Sept. “Machatha,” (H.) a place to the north of Basan, far from the limits of Juda, whence we should, perhaps, read Menuchat, as C. ii. 52. 54.

Ver. 21. Her. Hitherto we have seem the possessions of the descendants of Phares. Those of Her inhabited the country rendered famous by the exploits of Samson with the jaw bone. Judg. xv. 9. C. — The first-born of Sela was called Her, after his unfortunate uncle. Gen. xxxviii. 7. H. — That wrought. Sept. take it for a proper name, “Ebdath.” Heb. Beth-habodath habuts, “the house of the byssus, or fine linen manufacturers in Beth-Ashbaah,” (H.) which is, perhaps, the same with Beersabee, “the well of swearing.” Gen. xxi. 31. C. — Oath. The Latin word juramenti, might be retained here, as well as Calor. C. ii. 55. See 2 K. xxi. 19. Sept. read, “Esoba,” as the proper name of a place. H.

Ver. 22. He, that made, &c. viz. Joazim, the meaning of whose name in Hebrew, is, he that made the sun to stand. In like manner the following names, Lying, (Cozeba) Secure, (Joash) and Burning, (Saraph) are substituted in place of the Hebrew names of the same signification. Ch. — The first etymology is not perfectly accurate, as Jokim means simply, “he made to stand;” Jachin, the pillar which Solomon erected, has the same import. H. — Some injudicious person seems to have placed the sun in the margin, whence it has crept into the text. T. — It might be occasioned by the fable of the Rabbins, who assert (H.) that Elimelech wrought the like miracle as Josue, to convince the people of Bethlehem of the necessity of being converted; but, finding them incorrigible, denounced a famine, which forced him to retire with his family into the country of Moab. S. Jer. Trad. &c. — Elimelech died in that country; but these four descendants of Sela retired, probably, along with him, and returned afterwards to Lehem, or Bethlehem, as it is customary to omit a part of a word. T. — This town was peopled by different branches of Juda’s family, v. 4, and C. ii. 54. C. — Lahem, &c. Sept. seem to leave the original terms: “he made them return to Abedderim Athoukiim.” — Who returned, is also left as a proper name by the Prot. (H.) &c. “And Jasubi Lehem.” Vat. M. — It is not easy to decide, when the Hebrew words should be translated. — Old. Heb. “and ancient words;” (H.) records, shewing where these families resided, (C.) unless this be also the name (H.) of a place. Sept.

Ver. 23. Potters. Heb. yotserim, may also designate some family, as it seems improbable that the princes, in Moab, should be reduced to so mean a condition. But we have many examples of such a fall; (H.) and it is supposed, that these descendants of Sela were employed by the king of Babylon, at Nethaim and Gadera. C. — Hedges. These are the proper names of the places where they dwelt. In Hebrew, Netahim and Gedera. Ch. — Sept. “Ataim and Gadera.” H. — The correct Roman edition of the Vulg. prints these words, plantationibus et Sepibus, with large letters, to imply as much. M. — King; David. Sa. M. — Many of the tribe of Juda attended David, while he was forced to flee before Saul, and to hide himself in unfrequented places. Some of them might be these Yotserim, or they might follow the profession of potters. H. — “With the king they were powerful in his kingdom, and dwelt there.” Sept. H. — The Vulg. often give the meaning of proper names. D.

Ver. 24. Namuel, or Jamuel. Gen. xlvi. 10. — Jarib; perhaps the same with Sohar, (M.) unless the latter be Zara, or Zare. Num. xxvi. 12. These genealogies seem different; but the same person (C.) might have many names. D.

Ver. 27. Juda, probably, not even in the following cities, which they inhabited along with them. This tribe of Simeon was always the weakest, and kept close to Juda. See Num. xxvi. 14.

Ver. 30. Bathuel appears to be the same with Bethulia. Judith vi. 7. C.

Ver. 31. David, who had Siceleg given to him, 1 K. xxvii. 6. H. — After the schism, Juda straitened the tribe of Simeon; so that it was forced to seek for other habitations in Gador, under Ezechias, v. 39, &c. C. — It could no longer reside among those of the tribe of Juda, (D.) and acknowledge another king. H.

Ver. 33. Baal, or Ballath. Jos. xix. 1. — Distribution. Heb. and Sept. “and their genealogy.” M. — Katalogismos, may as well have the former signification, “their class;” (H.) though the sequel seems to determine it in the latter sense. D.

Ver. 34. Mosabab. This and the following princes joined their forces, to conquer fresh territories from Gador, (H.) or Gadara, near Joppe, (Strabo xvi.) which had been long in the possession (H.) of the Egyptians, (v. 40. C.) or Philistines. Malvenda.

Ver. 40. Cham. It is not certain that the Philistines, who came from the country of the Casluim, were descendants of Mezraim. Gen. x. 14. But it is very clear that the Egyptians sprung from Cham. Ps. lxxvii. 51.

Ver. 41. Inhabitants. Sept. “and the Mineans.” Heb. meyenim, “the inhabitants of Maon,” in Arabia. See Judg. x. 11. Syr. and Arab. “the fountains.”

Ver. 42. Jesi; perhaps Asaia, by the transposition of one letter; (v. 36. C.) or these chiefs were remote descendants of Jesi, v. 20. H. — The expedition probably took place about the same time as the preceding, to avoid the attack of the Assyrians, or of Juda, by retiring farther into Arabia. C.

Ver. 43. Escape the arms of Saul, or of David. D. — Day. It seems, therefore, that they escaped captivity, having abandoned their own country; or this was taken from a record, which had been made before that event, and is here inserted by Esdras; though, when he wrote, these Simeonites might have experienced the fate of their brethren, who were led captives in the 6th year of Ezechias. H.