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1 Chronicles 3


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1 Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:

2 The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith:

3 The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife.

4 These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years.

5 And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel:

6 Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet,

7 And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,

8 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine.

9 These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.

10 And Solomon’s son was Rehoboam, Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,

11 Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son,

12 Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son,

13 Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,

14 Amon his son, Josiah his son.

15 And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.

16 And the sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son.

17 And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son,

18 Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.

19 And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister:

20 And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushabhesed, five.

21 And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah.

22 And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six.

23 And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.

24 And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Hebron, during the seven years that he reigned there over Juda. M. — Jezrahel, a city of Juda, less noted than the one in Issachar. — Daniel, or Cheliab, 2 K. iii. 3.

Ver. 2. Aggith. The mother of Adonias is styled Haggith elsewhere in the Vulg. H.

Ver. 3. His wife also. T. — This title refer to all the preceding. Sanctius.

Ver. 5. Solomon is put last, though the eldest, because of his genealogy is to be continued. Some think that the three others were the sons of Urias, adopted by David, as Solomon styles himself an only son; (Prov. iv. 3.) but that only means singularly beloved, and an heir, (C.) as David had certainly another child by Bethsabee, who died in his infancy. T. — Bethsabee. Syr. and Arab. “Bersabee.” Heb. “Bathshuah,” all erroneously. — Ammiel, or Eliam, (2 K. xi. 3.) as the same man had two names, (C.) or, in this instance, we must allow a transposition. H.

Ver. 6. Elisama, or Elisua. C. xiv. 5. C. — Heb. substitutes Elishama and Eliphelet, and Nogah, the last name being “an evident corruption of Nepheg, and the two former being taken in to soon, and still repeated, “in their proper places.” The Vat. Sept. is likewise interpolated, (2 K. v. 14, &c.) by the insertion of eleven names from another version, and two names are twice repeated, so that we have 24 sons of David instead of 11. Kennicott.

Ver. 7. Noge; called Noga, (C. xiv. 6.) and omitted entirely in the book of Kings. Eliphaleth being twice mentioned in this book, has made some conclude that David’s first son of this name died in his youth; (C.) which may be said of Elisama also. Sa.

Ver. 8. Eliada, or Elioda, (2 K. v. 16.) styled Baaliada, (C. xiv. 7. C.) as both have the same meaning, “God’s, or the Lord’s knowledge.” H. — Nine, excluding the children of Bethsabee. In 2 K. there are only seven, or, with the sons of Bethsabee, eleven. There must be a mistake in one place, unless the book of Kings only specifies those who were then alive. Vatab. C.

Ver. 9. The concubines. The inferior wives. Ch. — Some of the preceding sons were born of such, v. 6, &c. — Thamar. She is the only one whose name is mentioned, but David had other daughters. 2 K. vi. 13.

Ver. 15. Johanan, who is not mentioned in 4 K. xxiii. and xxiv. Some think that he died young, (Tostat) or in battle with his father, against Pharao. Pradus. — Joakim, or Eliacim, possessed the throne after Joachaz, or Sellum, (C.) which name signifies “confusion,” and was given to all the sons of Josias. S. Jer. — Then came Joachin and Sedecias, whose proper name was Matthanias. H. — Joakim is passes over by S. Mat. S. Jer. ib.

Ver. 16. Jechonias, who is called also Joakim, (W.) and Cenias in Heb. Jer. xxii. 28. C. — Both the son and the grandson of Josias go under the name of Jechonias. Mat. i. 11. Barrad. i. 5. 16. M. — Sedecias. If this be the same with the king, was born must signify succeeded, as we know that Joakim was not the father of Sedecias. Grotius, &c.

Ver. 17. Asir, means a “prisoner,” so that we might translate, Heb. “and the sons of Jechoias, the prisoner, (at Babylon, 4 K. xxiv. 15.) were Salathiel.” C. — Prot. “Assir, Salathiel his son.” H. — Some think that the following were the adopted children, or successors of Jechonias; as S. Luke (iii. 24.) insinuates that Neri was the father of Salathiel, and Jeremias (xxii. 30.) seems to declare that Jechonias should have no children. But he means such as should sit on the throne, as he explains himself, and S. Matthew (i. 12.) expressly says, Jechonias begot Salathiel.

Ver. 18. Melchiram, &c. born of Salathiel. C. — Sama. Sept. “Osamo and Nabadias.” Prot. “Hosahama,” &c. H.

Ver. 19. Phadaia, called also Salathiel, (Mat. i. 12.) or these two brothers had each a son named Zorobabel. The grandson of Salathiel was called Abiud, and that of Phadaia, Mosollam, (M.) unless these were the same person. Sa. — Phadaia, son of Salathiel, and father of Zorobabel, left his son to the care of his brother Salatheil, who was therefore accounted the father of Zorobabel too. C.

Ver. 21. Son. Heb. “sons of Hananias, Phaltias, and Jesacias, the sons of Raphias, the sons of Arnan,…(22) the sons of Sechenias, Semeia, &c.” But the Sept. and Syriac have read in a more intelligible manner, (C.) intimating that these people were lineally descended from each other, (H.) while the Heb. leaves us ignorant of the names of the sons of Rephaias, &c. C.

Ver. 22. Six. Counting the father in the number. Ch. — Heb. shisha, or “six.” Sixtus V. with several MSS. Gothic edit. &c. take it improperly for the name of a man. C. — Semeia and his five sons are attributed to Sechenias. W. — Others think that a name has been lost. Castal.

Ver. 24. Oduia, the 12th from Zorobabel, which shews that this has been inserted since the time of Esdras, and that the author was very careful to preserve the genealogical tables, as it was not known from what family of the descendants of David the Messias should be born. C. — S. Matthew gives us a different genealogy. D. C.