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1 Chronicles 25

The singers and musicians.

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The singers and musicians

1 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:

2 Of the sons of Asaph; Zaccur, and Joseph, and Nethaniah, and Asarelah, the sons of Asaph under the hands of Asaph, which prophesied according to the order of the king.

3 Of Jeduthun: the sons of Jeduthun; Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah, six, under the hands of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the LORD.

4 Of Heman: the sons of Heman: Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamtiezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth:

5 All these were the sons of Heman the king’s seer in the words of God, to lift up the horn. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.

6 All these were under the hands of their father for song in the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king’s order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman.

7 So the number of them, with their brethren that were instructed in the songs of the LORD, even all that were cunning, was two hundred fourscore and eight.

8 And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

9 Now the first lot came forth for Asaph to Joseph: the second to Gedaliah, who with his brethren and sons were twelve:

10 The third to Zaccur, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

11 The fourth to Izri, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

12 The fifth to Nethaniah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

13 The sixth to Bukkiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

14 The seventh to Jesharelah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

15 The eighth to Jeshaiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

16 The ninth to Mattaniah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

17 The tenth to Shimei, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

18 The eleventh to Azareel, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

19 The twelfth to Hashabiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

20 The thirteenth to Shubael, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

21 The fourteenth to Mattithiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

22 The fifteenth to Jeremoth, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

23 The sixteenth to Hananiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

24 The seventeenth to Joshbekashah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

25 The eighteenth to Hanani, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

26 The nineteenth to Mallothi, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

27 The twentieth to Eliathah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

28 The one and twentieth to Hothir, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

29 The two and twentieth to Giddalti, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

30 The three and twentieth to Mahazioth, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

31 The four and twentieth to Romamtiezer, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Army; the chief magistrates of the state and of the church. T. C. xxiv. 6. 31. — The priests, &c. were all divided into twenty-four classes, each having twelve masters to preside, v. 7. C. — Idithun, or Ethan. C. vi. 44. and xv. 19. W. 3 K. iv. 31. — The twenty-four sons of these three, who were chief musicians under David and Solomon, presided over the bands: eleven other inferior masters helped to instruct the rest, v. 9. — Prophecy, or play on instruments. — Harps. “Kinnor” means also the “guitar.” C. — Vulg. has, lyras. C. xv. 16. — Psalteries. Heb. “nebalim.“ M. — The Jews pretend that the singers were inspired commonly, when they sounded forth God’s praises in the temple, as Eliseus was, 4 K. iii. 15. Lyran. E. — But they may be said to prophesy, because they sung the composition of the prophets. W. — According. Heb. “and the number of the workmen, (or experienced musicians) according to their service, was.” H. — The chiefs of the twenty-four bands were carefully selected.

Ver. 2. King, who sat in a separate tribune. Asaph presided in the royal city, at court, and in the tabernacle, while some of the singers were fixed at Gabaon. C. xvi. 7. 37. and 41. C. — Heb. may signify, “at the king’s command. Pagnin. — He sometimes condescended to direct the singers, v. 6. H.

Ver. 3. Of Idithun; or, altering the punctuation, (D.) “Now the sons of Idithun, the first-born, Godolias (H.) Sori, or Isari, v. 11. Thus, the number six, will be complete: otherwise we much acknowledge that Idithun, the father, is counted with his children; or that a name is lost, perhaps that of Semeias, (v. 17. C.) as Sept. Alex. has Semei before Hasabias. H. — Harp, (kinnor.) This was the distinctive instrument of this band, as the horn was of Heman’s. C.

Ver. 5. Seer; a title usually given to the real prophets, who foresee future things. M. — Gad has this title. 2 Par. xxiv. 11. But Heman’s office was to proclaim the words of God, with the sound of the horn. This musician had formerly been fixed at Gabaon, C. xvi. 41. C. — To lift up the horn, or to sing those psalms, which regarded the kingdom of David, and of Christ, as others were composed for the instruction of the people. T. — Daughters. These are specified, only because they joined with their brethren, in singing in the temple. Abul. q. 14. M. — At least, we find that there were bands of young women, in the solemn procession. H. C. xv. 20. Ps. lxvii. 26. C.

Ver. 6. Near. Heb. “under the hand of the king,” who presided over a band of musicians, as well as Asaph; (C.) or he directed all, particularly giving his instructions to Asaph, &c. — To wit in not in Heb. “by the order of the king to Asaph.” H.

Ver. 7. Eight, comprising the twenty-four princes, and the eleven secondary masters of each of the bands, or twelve times twenty-four, v. 1.

Ver. 8. Unlearned. Heb. and Sept. “the scholars.” H. — After the singers had been distributed into twenty-four classes, pretty equal in number, lots decided which of then should serve first, (M.) as had been done with the priests. C. xxiv. 31. See C. xxvi. 13.

Ver. 9. Asaph. Add, “to him, and (H.) to his sons, and his brethren, twelve,” who taught the rest. Unless these twelve be admitted, (T.) as in the sequel, (H.) the number 288 will not be found, v. 7. T. — Sept. is very confused: “And the first (entire) lot of his sons and brethren came out to Asaph, of Joseph, Godolias: the second Enia, his brethren, and his sons, twelve.” Heb. “the first lot came forth for Asaph to Joseph; the second to,” &c. Prot. In all the subsequent verses they read, “he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve.” Why Asaph should be mentioned any more than Idithun or Heman, does not appear. Their children are placed indiscriminately by lot. H.

Ver. 14. Isreela; probably Oziel, v. 4. C.