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1 Chronicles 2

Genealogies.

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Genealogies

1 These are the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun,

2 Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

3 The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him.

4 And Tamar his daughter in law bore him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.

5 The sons of Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul.

6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.

7 And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed.

8 And the sons of Ethan; Azariah.

9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.

10 And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah;

11 And Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz,

12 And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse,

13 And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third,

14 Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth,

15 Ozem the sixth, David the seventh:

16 Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.

17 And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmeelite.

18 And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

19 And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur.

20 And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat Bezaleel.

21 And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years old; and she bare him Segub.

22 And Segub begat Jair, who had three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead.

23 And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.

24 And after that Hezron was dead in Calebephratah, then Abiah Hezron’s wife bare him Ashur the father of Tekoa.

25 And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah.

26 Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam.

27 And the sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker.

28 And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab and Abishur.

29 And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail, and she bare him Ahban, and Molid.

30 And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Appaim: but Seled died without children.

31 And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And the sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children of Sheshan; Ahlai.

32 And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai; Jether, and Jonathan: and Jether died without children.

33 And the sons of Jonathan; Peleth, and Zaza. These were the sons of Jerahmeel.

34 Now Sheshan had no sons, but daughters. And Sheshan had a servant, an Egyptian, whose name was Jarha.

35 And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai.

36 And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan begat Zabad,

37 And Zabad begat Ephlal, and Ephlal begat Obed,

38 And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat Azariah,

39 And Azariah begat Helez, and Helez begat Eleasah,

40 And Eleasah begat Sisamai, and Sisamai begat Shallum,

41 And Shallum begat Jekamiah, and Jekamiah begat Elishama.

42 Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.

43 And the sons of Hebron; Korah, and Tappuah, and Rekem, and Shema.

44 And Shema begat Raham, the father of Jorkoam: and Rekem begat Shammai.

45 And the son of Shammai was Maon: and Maon was the father of Bethzur.

46 And Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

47 And the sons of Jahdai; Regem, and Jotham, and Gesham, and Pelet, and Ephah, and Shaaph.

48 Maachah, Caleb’s concubine, bare Sheber, and Tirhanah.

49 She bare also Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of Caleb was Achsa.

50 These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim.

51 Salma the father of Bethlehem, Hareph the father of Bethgader.

52 And Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim had sons; Haroeh, and half of the Manahethites.

53 And the families of Kirjathjearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites,

54 The sons of Salma; Bethlehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the Zorites.

55 And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Israel, “seeing, or valiant with God,” was before called Jacob, or “a supplanter.” Gen. xxxv. W.

Ver. 2. Aser. They are not placed in the order of their birth. H.

Ver. 3. Her. The crime for which he was punished is not specified in Scripture. C. — The Rabbins say that he was so enamoured of the beauty of his wife, that he treated her in the same manner as Onan did afterwards. Cassian viii. 11. — It is supposed that he was slain by a devil, (C.) like the (T.) impure husbands of Sarai. Tob. vi. 14. H.

Ver. 6. Zamri, or Zabdi. Jos. vii. 1. — Etham. Similar names occur 3 K. iv. 30. But they seem to have been different persons.

Ver. 7. Achar, alias Achan, (Josue vii. Ch.) which was his real name, as the former was given him (C.) in consequence of his having “troubled” Israel. D. — One letter may have been mistaken. W. — It may seem more probable that Achar, which appears invaribly in the Vat. Sept. and Syriac, is the proper name. Kennicott. — Anathema, the thing devoted or accursed, viz. the spoils of Jericho. Ch.

Ver. 10. Ram. He is commonly called Aram. But it is to be observed here, once for all, that it was a common thing among the Hebrews for the same person to have different names: and that it is not impossible among so many proper names, as here occur in the first nine chapters of this book, that the transcribers of the ancient Hebrew copies may have made some slips in the orthography. Ch. — Juda. Probably the first, appointed by Moses in the desert. Num. i. 7. and vii. 12.

Ver. 11. Salma. Sept. have “Salmon,” as it is written Ruth iv. 20. Mat. i. 4.

Ver. 15. Seventh. Syriac and Arab. add, “Eliu, (C. xxvii. 18.) and the eighth David.” It appears, in effect, the Isai had eight sons, and that David was the youngest. 1 K. xvi. 10. and xvii. 12. The Rabbins suppose that one was only adopted, namely, Jonathan, the son of Samma, noted for his prudence and valour. 2 K. xiii. 3. and xxi. 21. C. — One might die in his youth, and be therefore omitted, (T.) as he had done nothing memorable. D. — The Scripture does not always specify the full number. Abul.

Ver. 16. Sarvia. The honour shewn to the sisters of David is unusual. The father of the three valiant children of Sarvia is no where specified.

Ver. 17. Ismahelite, or more correctly, “Jethra, of Jezrahel;” (2 K. xvii. 25.) though the Heb. and Sept. in that place read “Israelite,” which would be a trifling remark; and it is improbable that Isai would give his daughter to a descendant of Ismahel. C. — The person might, however, have resided among them. D.

Ver. 18. Caleb, alias Calubi, v. 9. Ch. W. — He is different from Caleb, the son of Jephone. — Took, &c. Heb. “begot Azuba, Ischa, and Jerioth;” or rather with the Sept. “took to wife Gazuba and Jerioth.” C. — Syr. and Arab. “Caleb had Jerioth by his wife Azuba.” We know that the latter was his wife, (v. 19.) and this seems to be the true reading. As ath signifies “of or from,” (Noldius) the Heb. only requires a small correction. As it stands at present, it means, “Caleb begot Azuba, a woman, (or wife) and Jerioth.” Prot. supply, “begat children of Azuba, his wife, and of Jerioth.” Kennicott. — Her sons. The original determines us to read her, instead of “his,” as ejus would as naturally be understood. If Jerioth was not the wife, she seems to have been the daughter of Caleb; as Jaser, &c. were his sons. H.

Ver. 20. Bezeleel, the famous artist, (Ex. xxxi. 2. C.) or a different person. D. — The Rabbins, who confound Caleb with the son of Jephone, say that he espoused Ephrata, or Mary, the sister of Moses, when he was ten years old, that Ur and Uri had each a child at eight, and the Bezeleel began to work at the tabernacle before he was nine years old. Lyran. — But this is extravagant, and the Bezeleel here mentioned was of the family of Hesron. C.

Ver. 21. Machir, grandson of Joseph, whose descendants occupied part of Galaad, (H.) of which he is styled the father, or prince. M. — The daughter of Machir was probably an heiress, and Segub dwelt with his mother’s tribe. C.

Ver. 23. Aram. Prot. add “with the towns of Jair from them,” the former possessors; (H.) or Gessur assisted Aram (Syria) in attacking Israel, 4 K. x. 32. C. — All these villages. Prot. supply, “belonged to the sons.” Sept. “were of the sons.” All these were dependencies of Machir, “prince” of Galaad; in which sense father is taken, v. 24. M. — Sons often denote nephews, &c. W.

Ver. 24. Hesron. Perhaps it ought to be Azuba, v. 19. Heb. “and after Hesron was dead, in Caleb-ephrata, then Abia, the wife of Hesron, bore him a (posthumous) son, Ashur, the father of those who dwelt at Thecua.” He could not reside there himself no more than Caleb did at Bethlehem, which some, without proof, pretend was called Caleb-ephrata. The Sept. agree with the Vulg. They may signify that Caleb went to the town of Ephrata. But he son of Hebron certainly never resided at Bethlehem. C.

Ver. 25. And, is not in Heb. Achia, which may also signify “her sister.” Sept. “brother.” Others take (C.) Achia to be the first wife of Jerameel. Jan.

Ver. 31. Oholai, a daughter, (v. 34. T.) unless this son died before his father. Vatab.

Ver. 42. Caleb, or Calubi, v. 9. Ziph, Maresa, and Hebron, are the names of towns, as well as of men. The descendants of Mesa inhabited Ziph, and those of Maresa dwelt at Hebron. The same remark will hold good in other places, where the names of places are put for those who occupied them. C. — And the sons. Heb. “and of the sons of Maresa.” Vat. — But it may be as well explained in the sense of the Vulg. Sept. “Marisa, his first-born. He was the father of Ziph, and the sons of Marisa, of the father of Hebron.” — Father. Lit. “of the father,” patris Hebron. H.

Ver. 47. Jahaddai. His name occurs not before. Some suppose he was the son of Mosa: perhaps a verse may be lost, as the Syr. and Arab. pass over this and the two following verses.

Ver. 49. Achsa, different from Axa, the grand-daughter of Jephone. Judg. i. 12. H. — Both had daughters of the same name. D.

Ver. 50. Caleb, grandson of Calubi. Vatab. &c. — Sobal, his descendant, was prince of those who established themselves at Cariathiarim. C. — The Alex. Sept. seems rather to assert that he was son of Hur, as well as those who follow. “The sons of Hur…Sobal…Salomon, father of Baithlammon, father of Bethleem.” But the editions vary. H.

Ver. 52. He that saw, &c. The Latin interpreter seems to have given us here, instead of the proper names, the meaning of those names in the Hebrew. He has done in like manner, v. 55, (Ch.) and in many other places. D. — Heb. “had sons, haroe cha hamenuchoth, (H.) or Raia, Roeh, (C. iv. 2.) and Chazi of the canton of Menuchat, near Babaa. C. viii. 6. and Judg. xx. 43. Sept. mention Manocho. Jos. xv. 60. — We may also translate “the father of Cariathiarim, the prince of half Manuchat, had sons who peopled different cities.” It seems too harsh to call a man “half the place of rest,” or “seeing from the moiety of rest,” though the Heb. has this literal signification. The Sept. give proper names, (C.) “Araa, Esei, Ammanith,” (but v. 55, half of Manath) and the Prot. “Haroeh and half of the Manahattites.” H. — Sobal left to his descendants half the country which he had quietly occupied.

Ver. 53. Kindred. Sept. “Oumasphas.” H. — Esthaolites. All these places were in Juda, (C.) or perhaps (H.) the two last in Dan, (M.) or occupied by both tribes. Abul. q. 8.

Ver. 54. Salma, or Salmon’s descendants, people Bethlehem, &c. — Crowns. Valiant heroes who assisted Joab to gain crowns. W. — Heb. “Hateroth,” the house (Sept. Alex. of the house of Jobab) of Joab; (H.) perhaps the famous general who had land near Absalom’s, on the frontiers of Ephraim, where Ataroth was situated. — And half. Heb. “half of the Manahethites.” Prot. (H.) or “of Menuchat, towards Zarai.” The author seems purposely to mention to whom the cities at first belonged, that the right owners might be reinstated in their possessions, at their return from Babylon. C. — This verse may specify six towns, Bethlehem and Netophat, (H.) Beth-Joab, Chatsi, Manachti, and Atsothi.

Ver. 55. Scribes, learned in the law. M. — Singing, &c. The different professions of the Rechabites are here given, instead of proper names, (C.) which the Vat. Sept. retains. — Thargathiim and Samathiim, Sochathim. — Heb. Tirhatim, “porters;” (Chal.) Shimhathim, “the obedient;” Sucathim, “the inhabitants of tents;” Calor, “the heat,” as the Heb. Chamath (Prot. Hemath) signifies. The Cinites dwelt on the south of Juda, for which reason they are probably here mentioned, though some of them also inhabited Jabes Galaad, while the Rechabites dwelt in tents, (H.) and were perhaps employed as porters in the temple. C. Jer. xxxv. 5. 19.