King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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1 Chronicles 18

David’s victories.

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David’s victories

1 Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines.

2 And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought gifts.

3 And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.

4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them an hundred chariots.

5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

6 Then David put garrisons in Syriadamascus; and the Syrians became David’s servants, and brought gifts. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadarezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.

8 Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much brass, wherewith Solomon made the brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.

9 Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;

10 He sent Hadoram his son to king David, to enquire of his welfare, and to congratulate him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had war with Tou;) and with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.

11 Them also king David dedicated unto the LORD, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all these nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.

12 Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.

13 And he put garrisons in Edom; and all the Edomites became David’s servants. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

14 So David reigned over all Israel, and executed judgment and justice among all his people.

15 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder.

16 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Shavsha was scribe;

17 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and the sons of David were chief about the king.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Daughters. Villages (See 2 K. viii. 1. M.) and dependant towns. W.

Ver. 2. Gifts. Heb. mincha, a word used to denote the offerings of bread, &c. Lev. ii. Here it signifies the tribute (C.) imposed on the conquered. H.

Ver. 3. Adarezer, or Adadezer, 2 K. — When he, the king of Soba, went to extend. Heb. “to strengthened his hand on the,” &c. — Hand often denotes power, extent, possession.

Ver. 4. Footmen. Heb. may well signify, “1000 chariot-horses and 7000 men who mounted the chariots and the horses.” We only find 1700 horsemen. 2 K. viii. 4. But soon after it is added, David houghed all the chariot-horses. C. — They were thus rendered useless. The king was forbidden to keep many horses. D.

Ver. 5. Damascus. Heb. “Aram of Darmesek.” Elsewhere the r is omitted.

Ver. 6. A garrison. Lit. “soldiers.” This word has been lost by the neglect of some Heb. transcriber. C. — Prot. supply it. H.

Ver. 7. Quivers. Heb. “the shields,” &c. The term is variously translated, 2 K.

Ver. 8. Chun, called probably Betath, and Berothai. 2 K.

Ver. 10. Adoram, or Joram, ib. — Desire. Heb. “to ask if all went well with him, and to bless him.

Ver. 11. Edom, or rather Syria, (Aram) which might easily be exchanged for Edom. 2 K. viii. David could not satisfy his devotion by building a temple; but he made preparations. Solomon left part of the treasures unconsumed, 1 Par. xxvi. 26. C. — These effects, being destined for sacred uses, are said to be consecrated to the Lord. W.

Ver. 12. Edomites. David seems to have been present, and the victory is sometimes attributed to him. Joab afterwards slew 18,000. 3 K. xi. 15. title of Ps. ix. S. Jer. Trad. C. — Pits. This place was fatal to that nation: there Amasias destroyed 20,000, 2 Par. xxv. 12. T.

Ver. 16. Abiathar and Achimelech had both names indifferently. Heb. reads Abimelech, which is a manifest mistake. The name of Abiathar perhaps ought to be in the place of Achimelech; as we know that he was the son of the latter, and the high priest under David. Some would translate, “and Abiathar, son of Achimelech.” — Susa, or Saraias, secretary.

Ver. 17. About. Lit. “at the hand of the king,” to execute his orders, and to assist him. Sept. “vicegerents.” Syr. “princes.” They are styled priests. 2 K. viii. 18.