King James Bible
with Catholic Commentary by George Leo Haydock

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1 Chronicles 1

Genealogies, Adam to Abraham. (1-27) The descendants of Abraham. (28-54)

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Genealogies, Adam to Abraham

1 Adam, Sheth, Enosh,

2 Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered,

3 Henoch, Methuselah, Lamech,

4 Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

5 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

6 And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

7 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

8 The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

9 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecha. And the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.

10 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be mighty upon the earth.

11 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

12 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (of whom came the Philistines,) and Caphthorim.

13 And Canaan begat Zidon his firstborn, and Heth,

14 The Jebusite also, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite,

15 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,

16 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.

17 The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.

18 And Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber.

19 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg; because in his days the earth was divided: and his brother’s name was Joktan.

20 And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,

21 Hadoram also, and Uzal, and Diklah,

22 And Ebal, and Abimael, and Sheba,

23 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.

24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,

25 Eber, Peleg, Reu,

26 Serug, Nahor, Terah,

27 Abram; the same is Abraham.

The descendants of Abraham

28 The sons of Abraham; Isaac, and Ishmael.

29 These are their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,

30 Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema,

31 Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael.

32 Now the sons of Keturah, Abraham’s concubine: she bare Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan; Sheba, and Dedan.

33 And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these are the sons of Keturah.

34 And Abraham begat Isaac. The sons of Isaac; Esau and Israel.

35 The sons of Esau; Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.

36 The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek.

37 The sons of Reuel; Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

38 And the sons of Seir; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezar, and Dishan.

39 And the sons of Lotan; Hori, and Homam: and Timna was Lotan’s sister.

40 The sons of Shobal; Alian, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. and the sons of Zibeon; Aiah, and Anah.

41 The sons of Anah; Dishon. And the sons of Dishon; Amram, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran.

42 The sons of Ezer; Bilhan, and Zavan, and Jakan. The sons of Dishan; Uz, and Aran.

43 Now these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the children of Israel; Bela the son of Beor: and the name of his city was Dinhabah.

44 And when Bela was dead, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.

45 And when Jobab was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead.

46 And when Husham was dead, Hadad the son of Bedad, which smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith.

47 And when Hadad was dead, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead.

48 And when Samlah was dead, Shaul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead.

49 And when Shaul was dead, Baalhanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead.

50 And when Baalhanan was dead, Hadad reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pai; and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.

51 Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth,

52 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,

53 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,

54 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These are the dukes of Edom.

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G Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Seth. Prot. “Sheth, Enosh, Kenan:” but in Genesis they agree with us, which shews that the translator of the two different books is different, and that there is a want of uniformity in the plan adopted by king James I. H. — The posterity of Cain is neglected, as it all perished in the deluge. C.

Ver. 4. Noe begot Sem, Cham, and Japheth. (H.) See Gen. x. The author passes lightly over some of the descendants of the two latter, as he had David’s genealogy principally in view.

Ver. 6. Riphath. Heb. begins with D. C. — But the Prot. correct it (H.) according to the book of Gen. and the Sept. The two letters are very much alike.

Ver. 7. Dodanim. Heb. has R, conformably to the Samar. copy of Genesis, and the Sept. translate the Rhodians. Yet Dodanim seems more accurate, (C.) and is retained by the Prot. H.

Ver. 10. Earth, first establishing the monarchy of Babylon, and building the castle. D.

Ver. 12. Philistines, a colony from Crete.

Ver. 17. Hus and Hul were the immediate sons of Aram, as well as…Mosoch, or Mes; (Gen. x. 23. C.) so that there seems to be here some transposition. D.

Ver. 18. Sale. The Rom. Sept. omits v. 11 to 17, and v. 18 to 24, having only, (17) “The sons of Sem, Ailam and Assur; (24) and Arphaxad, Sala.” H. — But the other copies here insert Cainan, as the father of Sale. See Gen. x. 24. C. — It is a matter of great doubt whether he ought not to be inserted. Lu. iii. H.

Ver. 24. Sem begot Arphaxad. M.

Ver. 32. Concubine. She was his lawful wife, but of an inferior degree, and such were called concubines. Ch. — She has the title of wife, Gen. xxv. 1. — And the sons of Dadan, &c. seems to be copied from Genesis, as the addition is not found in many Lat. MSS. no more than in the Heb. or Sept. C.

Ver. 36. And by. This serves to explain the difficulty; as Thamna would otherwise seem to be a daughter of Eliphaz, though we know she was his concubine. Gen. xxxvi. 12. H. — The Heb., Rom. Sept. Syr., and Latin, suppose that Thamna was the brother of Amalec; but the Alex. Sept. has, “Now Thamna, the concubine of Eliphaz, bore Amalec.” Arab. “And Thamna, who was the concubine of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, bore him Amalec,” which seems to be the true reading. Kennicott. — Heb. “And Timna and Amalek,” (Prot. H.) which confounds the sense. Mariana. D.

Ver. 38. Seir, not Esau, but the Horrite, (Gen. xxxvi. 20. M.) which is added in order to explain the origin of Thamna. D.

Ver. 40. Dixon. We must add Oolibama. Gen. xxxvi. 25.

Ver. 41. Hamram. In Gen. Hamdan. Two letters have been mistaken since the Chaldee characters have been adopted. C. — On this occasion, we may briefly remark, 1. The most learned fathers have admitted such mistakes in Scripture: yet these are not to be corrected by each one’s private judgment, but we must all abide by the determination of the Church, which is plainly appointed for our guide in the infallible word of God. 2. To obviate the objections of infidels, respecting the apparent contradictions of Scripture, particularly in these books, we must observe that many people and places had different names; 3. And those who had the saem were really distinct. 4. Frequently also grandchildren, and those who have been adopted, are mentioned as the immediate offspring. 5. Some mysterious numbers are specified, as fourteen in the genealogy of Christ, though the history allows more. 6. Odd numbers are sometimes neglected. 7. Often a part is put for the whole, or on the contrary; as Christ is said to have been dead three days, though he was only one whole day and part of two others: and in the reigns of different kings, in the same year, the different parts are assigned to each, as a whole year. 8. Sometimes two reigned together, as Joathan ruled while Ozias was still living, (4 K. xv.) and so both reigns are sometimes counted, and, at other times, their respective years. 9. The interregnums are either omitted in calculations, or added to the years of the next ruler. 10. Only the years that a person governed well are sometimes noticed, as Saul is said to have reigned two years, (1 K. xiii.) though his administration continued much longer. Some of these rules may be applied to most of the scriptural difficulties, as the spirit of God could not dictate any falsehood. At the same time we must be forced to acknowledge that the Scriptures are hard to be understood, 2 Peter i. 20. (W.) and iii. 16; and this may serve to exercise the genius, and to humble the pride of man. H.

Ver. 43. Israel. The same remark had been made in Gen. xxxvi. 31. It is wonderful that the author of this work gives us no further information, when so many revolutions had since occurred. C. — But he might content himself with repeating the words of Moses. H. — The eight kings here specified must have reigned each 50 years, which is not impossible. David conquered the country under Adad.

Ver. 48. River. Euphrates is commonly so designated. See Gen. x. 11. C. — Pagnin translates, “from the river Rohoboth.” D.

Ver. 50. Mezaab. It is unusual for the Scripture to mark so particularly the genealogy of a woman. We might translate the Heb. “a native, or who was a native of Mezaab,” which is probably the same with Dizahab, “abundance of gold.” Deut. i. 1. Mezaab signifies, “waters of gold,” (C.) or “whose is gold,” whence some infer that the woman was very rich, (Lyran) or had discovered the art of drawing gold thread. Abul. — It is more probably a proper name. M.

Ver. 51. Kings. Heb. “Adad also died, and the dukes of Edom were duke Thamna, &c. H. — This, and the following names, designate the place of their residence. M. — The same forms of government prevailed in Idumea, as among the Hebrews, who had judges or dukes, then kings, and, after the captivity, dukes, till the time of the Machabees. T.